Association between habitual coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome in type 1 diabetes

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Finndiane Study Grp 2018 , ' Association between habitual coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome in type 1 diabetes ' , Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases , vol. 28 , no. 5 , pp. 470-476 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2018.01.011

Title: Association between habitual coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome in type 1 diabetes
Author: Finndiane Study Grp
Date: 2018-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
ISSN: 0939-4753
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298561
Abstract: Background and aims: In the general population, habitual coffee consumption is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome, a syndrome that is rather common also in patients with type 1 diabetes. However, whether coffee intake is beneficially related to the metabolic syndrome also in type 1 diabetes, is not known. We, therefore, studied the potential association between coffee consumption and the metabolic syndrome in a large population of individuals with type 1 diabetes. Furthermore, we investigated whether coffee consumption is associated with insulin resistance (estimated glucose disposal rate, eGDR), kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR), and low-grade chronic inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, hsCRP). Methods and results: Data from 1040 participants in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study were included in these cross-sectional analyses. Metabolic syndrome was assumed if at least 3 of the following cardiovascular risk factors were present: central obesity, high blood pressure, low HDL-cholesterol concentration, high triglyceride concentration, and hyperglycaemia. Subjects were categorized based on self-reported daily coffee intake: non-consumers (= 1 cups/d <3), moderate (>= 3 cups/d <5), and high coffee consumption (>= 5 cups/d). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, moderate and high coffee consumption was associated with increased odds of the metabolic syndrome. Moreover, any level of coffee consumption was associated with increased risk of the blood pressure-component. An increasing trend was observed in the eGFR with increasing coffee consumption. Conclusions: In type 1 diabetes, high coffee intake is associated with the metabolic syndrome, and especially its blood pressure-component. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Subject: Coffee consumption
Metabolic syndrome
Type 1 diabetes
Insulin resistance
Renal function
DOSE-RESPONSE METAANALYSIS
GLOMERULAR-FILTRATION-RATE
TEA CONSUMPTION
CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
GLYCEMIC CONTROL
RISK
NEPHROPATHY
HEALTH
HYPERTENSION
PROGRESSION
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
416 Food Science
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