Antimicrobial resistance and the environment : assessment of advances, gaps and recommendations for agriculture, aquaculture and pharmaceutical manufacturing

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Topp , E , Larsson , D G J , Miller , D N , Van den Eede , C & Virta , M P J 2018 , ' Antimicrobial resistance and the environment : assessment of advances, gaps and recommendations for agriculture, aquaculture and pharmaceutical manufacturing ' , FEMS Microbiology Ecology , vol. 94 , no. 3 , 185 . https://doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fix185

Title: Antimicrobial resistance and the environment : assessment of advances, gaps and recommendations for agriculture, aquaculture and pharmaceutical manufacturing
Author: Topp, Edward; Larsson, D. G. Joakim; Miller, Daniel N.; Van den Eede, Chris; Virta, Marko P. J.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Microbiology
Date: 2018-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
ISSN: 0168-6496
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298649
Abstract: A roundtable discussion held at the fourth International Symposium on the Environmental Dimension of Antibiotic Resistance (EDAR4) considered key issues concerning the impact on the environment of antibiotic use in agriculture and aquaculture, and emissions from antibiotic manufacturing. The critical control points for reducing emissions of antibiotics from agriculture are antibiotic stewardship and the pre-treatment of manure and sludge to abate antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotics are sometimes added to fish and shellfish production sites via the feed, representing a direct route of contamination of the aquatic environment. Vaccination reduces the need for antibiotic use in high value (e.g. salmon) production systems. Consumer and regulatory pressure will over time contribute to reducing the emission of very high concentrations of antibiotics from manufacturing. Research priorities include the development of technologies, practices and incentives that will allow effective reduction in antibiotic use, together with evidence-based standards for antibiotic residues in effluents. All relevant stakeholders need to be aware of the threat of antimicrobial resistance and apply best practice in agriculture, aquaculture and pharmaceutical manufacturing in order to mitigate antibiotic resistance development. Research and policy development on antimicrobial resistance mitigation must be cognizant of the varied challenges facing high and low income countries.
Subject: antibiotic resistance
environmental dimension of antibiotic resistance
agriculture
aquaculture
antibiotic manufacturing
PRE-APPLICATION TREATMENT
ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE
SOIL DYNAMICS
FOOD-ANIMALS
HUMAN HEALTH
RIVER WATER
WASTE-WATER
GENES
ABUNDANCE
BACTERIA
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
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