Problems Caused by Moisture in Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Headspace SPME Samples of Short-Chain Amines

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298687

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Hartonen , K , Helin , A , Parshintsev , J & Riekkola , M-L 2019 , ' Problems Caused by Moisture in Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Headspace SPME Samples of Short-Chain Amines ' , Chromatographia , vol. 82 , no. 1 , pp. 307-316 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10337-018-3641-y

Title: Problems Caused by Moisture in Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Headspace SPME Samples of Short-Chain Amines
Author: Hartonen, Kari; Helin, Aku; Parshintsev, Jevgeni; Riekkola, Marja-Liisa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
Date: 2019-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Chromatographia
ISSN: 1612-1112
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298687
Abstract: Volatile amines are usually problematic compounds in sampling, sample pretreatment and gas chromatographic analysis due to their chemical characteristics (polarity, basicity and reactivity). Headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) Arrow sampling of aqueous samples were proven to be complicated since moisture in the headspace was also sorbed into the SPME sorbent and resulted in distorted or split peaks for the volatile amines. This was the case especially with old used sorbents not so much with the new ones. Volume of the water sample, sampling conditions, quality of the SPME sorbent and desorption conditions greatly influenced the concentration of water in the headspace and in the sorbent phase. This, in turn, affected the length of the water film in the column which determined the degree of peak splitting and distance between the split amine peaks (water film trapped part of the amine molecules). Addition of the salt to the sample solution and additional drying of the SPME sorbent after the sampling were shown to effectively decrease the amount of water in the headspace and in the sorbent phase. This combined effect of salt addition and drying step resulted in much better peak shapes and intensities for the amines. In the best cases, the peak splitting for the volatile amines could in this way be completely avoided.
Subject: 116 Chemical sciences
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