Critical knowledge gaps and research needs related to the environmental dimensions of antibiotic resistance

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Larsson , D G J , Andremont , A , Bengtsson-Palme , J , Brandt , K K , Husman , A M D R , Fagerstedt , P , Fick , J , Flach , C-F , Gaze , W H , Kuroda , M , Kvint , K , Laxminarayan , R , Manaia , C M , Nielsen , K M , Plant , L , Ploy , M-C , Segovia , C , Simonet , P , Smalla , K , Snape , J , Topp , E , van Hengel , A J , Verner-Jeffreys , D W , Virta , M P J , Wellington , E M & Wernersson , A-S 2018 , ' Critical knowledge gaps and research needs related to the environmental dimensions of antibiotic resistance ' , Environment International , vol. 117 , pp. 132-138 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.04.041

Title: Critical knowledge gaps and research needs related to the environmental dimensions of antibiotic resistance
Author: Larsson, D. G. Joakim; Andremont, Antoine; Bengtsson-Palme, Johan; Brandt, Kristian Koefoed; Husman, Ana Maria de Roda; Fagerstedt, Patriq; Fick, Jerker; Flach, Carl-Fredrik; Gaze, William H.; Kuroda, Makoto; Kvint, Kristian; Laxminarayan, Ramanan; Manaia, Celia M.; Nielsen, Kaare Magne; Plant, Laura; Ploy, Marie-Cecile; Segovia, Carlos; Simonet, Pascal; Smalla, Kornelia; Snape, Jason; Topp, Edward; van Hengel, Arjon J.; Verner-Jeffreys, David W.; Virta, Marko P. J.; Wellington, Elizabeth M.; Wernersson, Ann-Sofie
Contributor organization: Department of Microbiology
Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Antibiotic resistance in human impacted environments
Doctoral Programme in Microbiology and Biotechnology
Date: 2018-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Environment International
ISSN: 0160-4120
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.04.041
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298700
Abstract: There is growing understanding that the environment plays an important role both in the transmission of antibiotic resistant pathogens and in their evolution. Accordingly, researchers and stakeholders world-wide seek to further explore the mechanisms and drivers involved, quantify risks and identify suitable interventions. There is a clear value in establishing research needs and coordinating efforts within and across nations in order to best tackle this global challenge. At an international workshop in late September 2017, scientists from 14 countries with expertise on the environmental dimensions of antibiotic resistance gathered to define critical knowledge gaps. Four key areas were identified where research is urgently needed: 1) the relative contributions of different sources of antibiotics and antibiotic resistant bacteria into the environment; 2) the role of the environment, and particularly anthropogenic inputs, in the evolution of resistance; 3) the overall human and animal health impacts caused by exposure to environmental resistant bacteria; and 4) the efficacy and feasibility of different technological, social, economic and behavioral interventions to mitigate environmental antibiotic resistance.(1)
Subject: Antimicrobial resistance
Infectious diseases
Risk assessment
Risk management
Environmental pollution
HORIZONTAL GENE-TRANSFER
ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE
RISK-ASSESSMENT
ESCHERICHIA-COLI
WASTE-WATER
POLICY INTERVENTIONS
PROTECTION GOALS
BACTERIA
PATHOGENS
EVOLUTION
1172 Environmental sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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