What drives policy change for REDD+? : A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors

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Korhonen-Kurki , K , Brockhaus , M , Sehring , J , Di Gregorio , M , Assembe-Mvondo , S , Babon , A , Bekele , M M , Benn , V , Gebara , M F , Kambire , H , Kengoum , F , Maharani , C , Menton , M , Ochieng , R M , Paudel , N S , Pham , T T , Dkamela , G P & Sitoe , A 2019 , ' What drives policy change for REDD+? A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors ' , Climate Policy , vol. 19 , no. 3 , pp. 315-328 . https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2018.1507897

Title: What drives policy change for REDD+? : A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors
Author: Korhonen-Kurki, Kaisa; Brockhaus, Maria; Sehring, Jenniver; Di Gregorio, Monica; Assembe-Mvondo, Samuel; Babon, Andrea; Bekele, Mr Melaku; Benn, Vanessa; Gebara, Maria Fernanda; Kambire, Hermann; Kengoum, Felicien; Maharani, Cynthia; Menton, Mary; Ochieng, Robert M.; Paudel, Naya Sharma; Pham, Thuy Thu; Dkamela, Guy Patrice; Sitoe, Almeida
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
University of Helsinki, International Forest Policy
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
Date: 2019-03-16
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Climate Policy
ISSN: 1469-3062
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298817
Abstract: Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has emerged as a promising climate change mitigation mechanism in developing countries. In order to identify the enabling conditions for achieving progress in the implementation of an effective, efficient and equitable REDD+, this paper examines national policy settings in a comparative analysis across 13 countries with a focus on both institutional context and the actual setting of the policy arena. The evaluation of REDD+ revealed that countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America are showing some progress, but some face backlashes in realizing the necessary transformational change to tackle deforestation and forest degradation. A Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) undertaken as part of the research project showed two enabling institutional configurations facilitating progress: (1) the presence of already initiated policy change; and (2) scarcity of forest resources combined with an absence of any effective forestry framework and policies. When these were analysed alongside policy arena conditions, the paper finds that the presence of powerful transformational coalitions combined with strong ownership and leadership, and performance-based funding, can both work as a strong incentive for achieving REDD+ goals. Key policy insights The positive push of already existing policy change, or the negative stress of resource scarcity together with lack of effective policies, represents institutional conditions that can support REDD+ progress. Progress also requires the presence of powerful transformational coalitions and strong ownership and leadership. In the absence of these internal drivers, performance-based funding can work as a strong incentive. When comparing three assessments (2012, 2014, 2016) of REDD+ enabling conditions, some progress in establishing processes of change can be observed over time; however, the overall fluctuation in progress of most countries reveals the difficulty in changing the deforestation trajectory away from business as usual.
Subject: DEFORESTATION
Policy change
QCA
REDD
climate change mitigation
developing countries
1172 Environmental sciences
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