Preschool Environmental Factors, Parental Socioeconomic Status, and Children’s Sedentary Time : An Examination of Cross-Level Interactions

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Määttä , S , Konttinen , H , Lehto , R , Haukkala , A , Erkkola , M & Roos , E 2019 , ' Preschool Environmental Factors, Parental Socioeconomic Status, and Children’s Sedentary Time : An Examination of Cross-Level Interactions ' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 16 , no. 1 , 46 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010046

Title: Preschool Environmental Factors, Parental Socioeconomic Status, and Children’s Sedentary Time : An Examination of Cross-Level Interactions
Author: Määttä, Suvi; Konttinen, Hanna; Lehto, Reetta; Haukkala, Ari; Erkkola, Maijaliisa; Roos, Eva
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Helsinki, Sociology
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Social Psychology
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
Date: 2019-01-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 1660-4601
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298856
Abstract: Preschool children's high levels of sedentary time (ST) is a public health concern. As preschool reaches a large population of children from different socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds, more knowledge on how the preschool setting is associated with children's ST is relevant. Our aims were to examine (1) the associations of preschool setting (covering social, physical, and organizational level) with children's ST, and (2) the moderating role of the setting on the association between parental SES and children's ST. In the cross-sectional DAGIS (increased health and wellbeing in preschools) study, the participating children (n = 864, aged 3-6 years) were asked to wear an accelerometer for one week. In total, 779 children had valid ST accelerometer data during preschool hours. Preschool setting and parental SES was assessed by questionnaires and observation. Multilevel linear regression models with cross-level interactions were applied to examine the associations. Early educators' practice of breaking children's ST often, more frequent physical activity (PA) theme weeks, and higher number of physical education (PE) lessons were associated with lower children's ST. Higher parental SES was associated with higher children's ST in preschools (1) with organized sedentary behavior theme weeks, (2) with a lower number of PA theme weeks, and (3) with a lower number of PE lessons. The factors identified in this study could be targeted in future interventions.
Subject: children
sedentary lifestyle
preschool
socioecological model
socioeconomic status
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY LEVELS
FAMILY-INVOLVED INTERVENTION
PREVENT OBESITY
EARLY-CHILDHOOD
MULTILEVEL MODELS
RISK-FACTORS
BEHAVIOR
CARE
HEALTH
CALIBRATION
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
5144 Social psychology
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