Demographic and Social-Cognitive Factors Associated with Weight Loss in Overweight, Pre-diabetic Participants of the PREVIEW Study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298909

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Hansen , S , Huttunen-Lenz , M , Sluik , D , Brand-Miller , J , Drummen , M , Fogelholm , M , Handjieva-Darlenska , T , Macdonald , I , Martinez , A J , Larsen , T M , Poppitt , S , Raben , A & Schlicht , W 2018 , ' Demographic and Social-Cognitive Factors Associated with Weight Loss in Overweight, Pre-diabetic Participants of the PREVIEW Study ' International Journal of Behavioral Medicine , vol. 25 , no. 6 , pp. 682-692 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-018-9744-x

Title: Demographic and Social-Cognitive Factors Associated with Weight Loss in Overweight, Pre-diabetic Participants of the PREVIEW Study
Author: Hansen, Sylvia; Huttunen-Lenz, Maija; Sluik, Diewertje; Brand-Miller, Jennie; Drummen, Mathijs; Fogelholm, Mikael; Handjieva-Darlenska, Teodora; Macdonald, Ian; Martinez, Alfredo J.; Larsen, Thomas Meinert; Poppitt, Sally; Raben, Anne; Schlicht, Wolfgang
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
Date: 2018-12
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
ISSN: 1070-5503
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298909
Abstract: PurposeWeight loss has been demonstrated to be a successful strategy in diabetes prevention. Although weight loss is greatly influenced by dietary behaviors, social-cognitive factors play an important role in behavioral determination. This study aimed to identify demographic and social-cognitive factors (intention, self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, social support, and motivation with regard to dietary behavior and goal adjustment) associated with weight loss in overweight and obese participants from the PREVIEW study who had pre-diabetes.MethodProspective correlational data from 1973 adult participants were analyzed. The participants completed psychological questionnaires that assessed social-cognitive variables with regard to dietary behavior. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were performed to identify baseline demographic and social-cognitive factors associated with weight loss.ResultsOverall, being male, having a higher baseline BMI, having a higher income, perceiving fewer disadvantages of a healthy diet (outcome expectancies), experiencing less discouragement for healthy eating by family and friends (social support), and lower education were independently linked to greater weight loss. When evaluating females and males separately, education was no longer associated with weight loss.ConclusionThe results indicate that a supportive environment in which family members and friends avoid discouraging healthy eating, with the application of a strategy that uses specific behavior change techniques to emphasize the benefits of outcomes, i.e., the benefits of a healthy diet, may support weight loss efforts. Weight loss programs should therefore always address the social environment of persons who try to lose body weight because family members and friends can be important supporters in reaching a weight loss goal.
Subject: Weight loss
Social-cognitive factors
Behavioral determination
Lifestyle intervention
LIFE-STYLE INTERVENTION
ADAPTIVE SELF-REGULATION
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
BEHAVIOR-CHANGE
OUTCOME EXPECTATIONS
GOAL DISENGAGEMENT
UNATTAINABLE GOALS
PREDICTORS
SUPPORT
EXERCISE
3143 Nutrition
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