Estimating Currents From Argo Trajectories in the Bothnian Sea, Baltic Sea

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Roiha , P , Siiriä , S-M , Haavisto , N , Alenius , P , Westerlund , A & Purokoski , T 2018 , ' Estimating Currents From Argo Trajectories in the Bothnian Sea, Baltic Sea ' , Frontiers in Marine Science , vol. 5 , 308 .

Title: Estimating Currents From Argo Trajectories in the Bothnian Sea, Baltic Sea
Author: Roiha, Petra; Siiriä, Simo-Matti; Haavisto, Noora; Alenius, Pekka; Westerlund, Antti; Purokoski, Tero
Contributor organization: Tvärminne Zoological Station
Date: 2018-09-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Marine Science
ISSN: 2296-7745
Abstract: Argo floats have been used in the environmental monitoring of the very shallow Bothnian Sea, a sub-basin of the Baltic Sea, for 5 years as part of the Finnish Euro-Argo programme. The Bothnian Sea is so far considered to be an environmentally healthy part of the Baltic Sea because the deep waters of the basin are well-ventilated by inflowing oxygen-rich saltier and heavier surface layer waters of the Baltic Sea proper. Thus the deep water flow is of interest in the Bothnian Sea. In this study, we used Argo float data from six different long-term missions, from 111 to 512 days, to analyze the deep-water flow in the Bothnian Sea where no continuous monitoring of currents exist. We estimated mainly the flow below the expected halocline from the paths of the floats. We analyzed the movements statistically and estimated the error caused by the surface drift of the floats during their stay at the surface by using 3D hydrodynamic model results as reference data. Our results show a northward flowing resultant current in the deep trench of the Bothnian Sea. There seemed to be very little exchange between coastal zone and open-sea waters in deeper layers. The drifting speed of the floats in the deep layers of Bothnian Sea generally was around 2 cm/s but instantaneous speeds of up to 30 cm/s in the middle-layer (50 dbars) were observed. In the Bothnian Sea deep, the deep trench on the Finnish side of the Bothnian Sea, the vast majority of the observations showed deep currents from south to north, with the same average speed of around 2 cm/s but the instantaneous maximum was smaller at 13 cm/s. Our study indicates that the routine Argo float observations can be used to get information on the deep currents in the basin in addition to hydrographic observations.
Subject: autonomous
measurement device
ocean observations
environmental monitoring
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
1172 Environmental sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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