3D convolutional neural networks applied to CT angiography in the detection of acute ischemic stroke

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European Radiology Experimental. 2019 Feb 13;3(1):8

Title: 3D convolutional neural networks applied to CT angiography in the detection of acute ischemic stroke
Author: Öman, Olli; Mäkelä, Teemu; Salli, Eero; Savolainen, Sauli; Kangasniemi, Marko
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Date: 2019-02-13
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299137
Abstract: Abstract Background The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of ischemic stroke detection from computed tomography angiography source images (CTA-SI) using three-dimensional convolutional neural networks. Methods CTA-SI of 60 patients with a suspected acute ischemic stroke of the middle cerebral artery were randomly selected for this study; 30 patients were used in the neural network training, and the subsequent testing was performed using the remaining 30 patients. The training and testing were based on manually segmented lesions. Cerebral hemispheric comparison CTA and non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) were studied as additional input features. Results All ischemic lesions in the testing data were correctly lateralized, and a high correspondence to manual segmentations was achieved. Patients with a diagnosed stroke had clinically relevant regions labeled infarcted with a 0.93 sensitivity and 0.82 specificity. The highest achieved voxel-wise area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.93, and the highest Dice similarity coefficient was 0.61. When cerebral hemispheric comparison was used as an input feature, the algorithm performance improved. Only a slight effect was seen when NCCT was included. Conclusion The results support the hypothesis that an acute ischemic stroke lesion can be detected with 3D convolutional neural network-based software from CTA-SI. Utilizing information from the contralateral hemisphere appears to be beneficial for reducing false positive findings.
Subject: Computed tomography angiography
Convolutional neuralnetwork
Machine learning
Neural networks (computer)

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