Impact of trauma system structure on injury outcomes : a systematic review protocol

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Int Injury Care Improvement Initia , Moore , L , Champion , H , O'Reilly , G , Leppäniemi , A , Cameron , P , Palmer , C , Abu-Zidan , F M , Gabbe , B , Gaarder , C , Yanchar , N , Stelfox , H T , Coimbra , R , Kortbeek , J , Noonan , V , Gunning , A , Leenan , L , Gordon , M , Khajanchi , M , Shemilt , M , Porgo , V & Turgeon , A F 2017 , ' Impact of trauma system structure on injury outcomes : a systematic review protocol ' , Systematic reviews , vol. 6 , 12 .

Title: Impact of trauma system structure on injury outcomes : a systematic review protocol
Author: Int Injury Care Improvement Initia; Moore, Lynne; Champion, Howard; O'Reilly, Gerard; Leppäniemi, Ari; Cameron, Peter; Palmer, Cameron; Abu-Zidan, Fikri M.; Gabbe, Belinda; Gaarder, Christine; Yanchar, Natalie; Stelfox, Henry Thomas; Coimbra, Raul; Kortbeek, John; Noonan, Vanessa; Gunning, Amy; Leenan, Luke; Gordon, Malcolm; Khajanchi, Monty; Shemilt, Michele; Porgo, Valerie; Turgeon, Alexis F.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, II kirurgian klinikka
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Systematic reviews
ISSN: 2046-4053
Abstract: Background: Injury represents one of the greatest public health challenges of our time with over 5 million deaths and 100 million people temporarily or permanently disabled every year worldwide. The effectiveness of trauma systems in decreasing injury mortality and morbidity has been well demonstrated. However, the organisation of trauma care varies significantly across trauma systems and we know little about which components of trauma systems contribute to their effectiveness. The objective of the study described in this protocol is to systematically review evidence of the impact of trauma system components on clinically significant outcomes including mortality, function and disability, quality of life, and resource utilization. Methods: We will perform a systematic review of studies evaluating the association between at least one trauma system component (e.g. accreditation by a central agency, interfacility transfer agreements) and at least one injury outcome (e. g. mortality, disability, resource use). We will search MEDLINE, EMBASE, COCHRANE central, and BIOSIS/Web of Knowledge databases, thesis holdings, key injury organisation websites and conference proceedings for eligible studies. Pairs of independent reviewers will evaluate studies for eligibility and extract data from included articles. Methodological quality will be evaluated using elements of the ROBINS-I tool and the Cochrane risk of bias tool for non-randomized and randomized studies, respectively. Strength of evidence will be evaluated using the GRADE tool. Discussion: We expect to advance knowledge on the components of trauma systems that contribute to their effectiveness. This may lead to recommendations on trauma systemstructure thatwill help policy-makersmake informed decisions as to where resources should be focused. The review may also lead to specific recommendations for future research efforts.
Subject: Trauma system
Organizational-level intervention
Injury outcomes
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology

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