Outdoor time and dietary patterns in children around the world

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ISCOLE Rese Grp , Chaput , J-P , Fogelholm , M , Mikkilä , V , Hovi , E , Kivelä , J , Räsänen , S & Roito , S 2018 , ' Outdoor time and dietary patterns in children around the world ' , Journal of Public Health , vol. 40 , no. 4 , pp. E493-E501 . https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdy071

Title: Outdoor time and dietary patterns in children around the world
Author: ISCOLE Rese Grp; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Fogelholm, Mikael; Mikkilä, Vera; Hovi, Elli; Kivelä, Jemina; Räsänen, Sari; Roito, Sanna
Contributor organization: Department of Food and Nutrition
Nutrition Science
University of Helsinki
HUS Internal Medicine and Rehabilitation
Date: 2018-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Journal of Public Health
ISSN: 1741-3842
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdy071
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299356
Abstract: Background Whether outdoor time is linked to dietary patterns of children has yet to be empirically tested. The objective of this study was to examine the association between outdoor time and dietary patterns of children from 12 countries around the world. Methods This multinational, cross-sectional study included 6229 children 9-11 years of age. Children self-reported the time that they spent outside before school, after school and on weekends. A composite score was calculated to reflect overall daily outdoor time. Dietary patterns were assessed using a food frequency questionnaire, and two components were used for analysis: healthy and unhealthy dietary pattern scores. Results On average, children spent 2.5 h outside per day. After adjusting for age, sex, parental education, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, screen time and body mass index z-score, greater time spent outdoors was associated with healthier dietary pattern scores. No association was found between outdoor time and unhealthy dietary pattern scores. Similar associations between outdoor time and dietary patterns were observed for boys and girls and across study sites. Conclusions Greater time spent outside was associated with a healthier dietary pattern in this international sample of children. Future research should aim to elucidate the mechanisms behind this association.
Subject: diet
eating behavior
food intake
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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