A High-resolution Mosaic of the Neutral Hydrogen in the M81 Triplet

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299393

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de Blok , W J G , Walter , F , Ferguson , A M N , Bernard , E J , van der Hulst , J M , Neeleman , M , Leroy , A K , Ott , J , Zschaechner , L K , Zwaan , M A , Yun , M S , Langston , G & Keating , K M 2018 , ' A High-resolution Mosaic of the Neutral Hydrogen in the M81 Triplet ' , Astrophysical Journal , vol. 865 , no. 1 , 26 . https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aad557

Title: A High-resolution Mosaic of the Neutral Hydrogen in the M81 Triplet
Author: de Blok, W. J. G.; Walter, Fabian; Ferguson, Annette M. N.; Bernard, Edouard J.; van der Hulst, J. M.; Neeleman, Marcel; Leroy, Adam K.; Ott, Jürgen; Zschaechner, Laura K.; Zwaan, Martin A.; Yun, Min S.; Langston, Glen; Keating, Katie M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2018-09-20
Language: eng
Number of pages: 26
Belongs to series: Astrophysical Journal
ISSN: 0004-637X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299393
Abstract: We present a 3 degrees x 3 degrees, 105-pointing, high-resolution neutral hydrogen (H I) mosaic of the M81 galaxy triplet, (including the main galaxies M81, M82, and NGC 3077, as well as dwarf galaxy NGC 2976) obtained with the Very Large Array C and D arrays. This H I synthesis mosaic uniformly covers the entire area and velocity range of the triplet. The observations have a resolution of similar to 20 '' or similar to 420 pc. The data reveal many small-scale anomalous velocity features highlighting the complexity of the interacting M81 triplet. We compare our data with Green Bank Telescope observations of the same area. This comparison provides evidence for the presence of a substantial reservoir of low-column density gas in the northern part of the triplet, probably associated with M82. Such a reservoir is not found in the southern part. We report a number of newly discovered kpc-sized low-mass H I clouds with H I masses of a few times 10(6) M-circle dot. A detailed analysis of their velocity widths show that their dynamical masses are much larger than their baryonic masses, which could indicate the presence of dark matter if the clouds are rotationally supported. However, due to their spatial and kinematical association with H I tidal features, it is more likely that the velocity widths indicate tidal effects or streaming motions. We do not find any clouds that are not associated with tidal features down to an H I mass limit of a few times 10(4) M-circle dot. We compare the H I column densities with resolved stellar density maps and find a star formation threshold around 3-6 x 10(20) cm(-2). We investigate the widths of the H I velocity profiles in the triplet and find that extreme velocity dispersions can be explained by a superposition of multiple components along the line of sight near M81 as well as winds or outflows around M82. The velocity dispersions found are high enough that these processes could explain the linewidths of damped-Ly alpha absorbers observed at high redshift.
Subject: galaxies: fundamental parameters
galaxies: individual (M81, M82, NGC 3077)
galaxies: ISM
galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
radio lines: galaxies
LYMAN-ALPHA SYSTEMS
STAR-FORMATION LAW
NEARBY GALAXIES
MOLECULAR GAS
SUPRIME-CAM
VELOCITY-FIELDS
DISK GALAXIES
TIDAL ARMS
KINEMATICS
NGC-3077
115 Astronomy, Space science
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