Household time use, carbon footprints, and urban form : a review of the potential contributions of everyday living to the 1.5 degrees C climate target

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Wiedenhofer , D , Smetschka , B , Akenji , L , Jalas , M & Haberl , H 2018 , ' Household time use, carbon footprints, and urban form : a review of the potential contributions of everyday living to the 1.5 degrees C climate target ' , Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability , vol. 30 , pp. 7-17 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2018.02.007

Title: Household time use, carbon footprints, and urban form : a review of the potential contributions of everyday living to the 1.5 degrees C climate target
Author: Wiedenhofer, Dominik; Smetschka, Barbara; Akenji, Lewis; Jalas, Mikko; Haberl, Helmut
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Economics and Management
Date: 2018-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
ISSN: 1877-3435
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299495
Abstract: The 1.5 °C mitigation challenge for urban areas goes far beyond decarbonizing the cities’ energy supply and needs to enable and incentivize carbon-free everyday living. Reviewing recent literature, we find that dense and mixed urban form enables lower direct emissions from mobility and housing, while income is the major driver of total household carbon footprints; importantly, these effects are not linear. The available urban infrastructure, services and societal arrangements, for example on work, all influence how households use their time, which goods and services they consume in everyday life and their subsequent carbon footprints and potential rebound effects. We conclude that changes in household consumption, time use and urban form are crucial for a 1.5 °C future. We further identify a range of issues for which a time use perspective could open up new avenues for research and policy.
Subject: 511 Economics
GREENHOUSE-GAS EMISSIONS
PRO-ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOR
CO2 EMISSIONS
SOCIOECONOMIC-FACTORS
ENERGY DEMAND
SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION
MULTIVARIATE-ANALYSIS
ACTIVITY PATTERNS
SOCIAL PRACTICES
UK HOUSEHOLDS
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