Early maladaptive schemas and suicidal ideation in depressed patients

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Flink , N , Lehto , S M , Koivumaa-Honkanen , H , Viinamäki , H , Ruusunen , A , Valkonen-Korhonen , M & Honkalampi , K 2017 , ' Early maladaptive schemas and suicidal ideation in depressed patients ' , European Journal of Psychiatry , vol. 31 , no. 3 , pp. 87-92 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.07.001

Title: Early maladaptive schemas and suicidal ideation in depressed patients
Author: Flink, N.; Lehto, S. M.; Koivumaa-Honkanen, H.; Viinamäki, H.; Ruusunen, A.; Valkonen-Korhonen, M.; Honkalampi, K.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: European Journal of Psychiatry
ISSN: 0213-6163
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299537
Abstract: Background and objectives: Suicidal ideation is a key risk factor for suicidal behaviour among depressed individuals. To explore underlying cognitive patterns associated with suicidal ideation, the present study compared early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) among psychiatric outpatients in treatment for major depressive disorder with and without current suicidal ideation. Methods: The sample consisted of 79 depressed patients who responded to the background questionnaire and completed the Young Schema Questionnaire short form-extended, 21-item Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Hopelessness Scale. Results: Patients with suicidal ideation were more maladaptive in respect to the majority of EMSs compared to those without. After controlling for the concurrent depressive symptom severity and hopelessness 'Vulnerability to Harm or Illness' EMS, which concerns catastrophising beliefs, remained a predictor for suicidal ideation. Conclusion: EMSs may contribute to suicidal ideation among depressed individuals regardless of their mood and future orientation. These results offer implications for the assessment and treatment of suicidality. (C) 2017 Asociacion Universitaria de Zaragoza para el Progreso de la Psiquiatria y la Salud Mental. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Subject: Early maladaptive schemas
Depression
Suicidal ideation
PSYCHIATRIC-PATIENTS
RISK-FACTORS
POPULATION
DISORDER
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
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