Effects of exercise and physical activity promotion : meta-analysis informing the 2018 EULAR recommendations for physical activity in people with rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis and hip/knee osteoarthritis

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Osthoff , A-K R , Juhl , C B , Knittle , K , Dagfinrud , H , Hurkmans , E , Braun , J , Schoones , J , Vlieland , T PM V & Niedermann , K 2018 , ' Effects of exercise and physical activity promotion : meta-analysis informing the 2018 EULAR recommendations for physical activity in people with rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis and hip/knee osteoarthritis ' , RMD open , vol. 4 , no. 2 , pp. e000713 . https://doi.org/10.1136/rmdopen-2018-000713

Title: Effects of exercise and physical activity promotion : meta-analysis informing the 2018 EULAR recommendations for physical activity in people with rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis and hip/knee osteoarthritis
Author: Osthoff, Anne-Kathrin Rausch; Juhl, Carsten Bogh; Knittle, Keegan; Dagfinrud, Hanne; Hurkmans, Emalie; Braun, Juergen; Schoones, Jan; Vlieland, Theodora PM Vliet; Niedermann, Karin
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Social Psychology
Date: 2018
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: RMD open
ISSN: 2056-5933
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299783
Abstract: Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise and physical activity (PA) promotion on cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, flexibility, neuromotor performance (eg, balance) and daily PA in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA) and hip/knee osteoarthritis (HOA/KOA). Methods systematic review (SR) and meta-analysis (MA) were performed searching the databases PubMed/Medline, CENTRAL, Embase, Web of Science, Emcare and PsycInfo until April 2017. We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in adults (≥18 years) with RA, SpA and HOA/KOA, investigating the effects of exercise or PA promotion according to the public health PA recommendations by the American College of Sports Medicine. The time point of interest was the first assessment after the intervention period. If suitable, data were pooled in a MA using a random-effects model presented as standardised mean difference (SMD). Results The SR included 63 RCTs, of which 49 (3909 people with RA/SpA/HOA/KOA) were included in the MA. Moderate effects were found of aerobic exercises and resistance training on cardiovascular fitness (SMD 0.56 (95% CI 0.38 to 0.75)) and muscle strength (SMD 0.54 (95% CI 0.35 to 0.72)), respectively, but no effect of combined strength/aerobic/flexibility exercises on flexibility (SMD 0.12 (95% CI -0.16 to 0.41)). PA promotion interventions produced a small increase in PA behaviour (SMD 0.21 (95% CI 0.03 to 0.38)). Conclusion Exercises and PA promotion according to public health recommendations for PA improved cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength and PA behaviour, with moderate effect sizes in people with SpA, RA and HOA/KOA.
Subject: 5144 Social psychology
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