The timing of leaf flush in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) saplings

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Robson , T M , Alia , R , Bozic , G , Clark , J , Forsteuter , M , Gomory , D , Liesebach , M , Mertens , P , Rasztovits , E , Zitová , M & von Wühlisch , G 2011 , The timing of leaf flush in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) saplings . in R Alia (ed.) , Genetic Resources of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) for Sustainable Forestry : Proceedings of the COST E52 Final Meeting . SERIE FORESTAL , vol. 22 , INIA , Madrid , pp. 61-80 , COST E52 Final Meeting , Burgos , Spain , 01/01/1800 . < http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxiZWVjaG1lZXRpbmd8Z3g6MzM0NDg3NzI1N2EwZmRmMw >

Title: The timing of leaf flush in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) saplings
Author: Robson, T Matthew; Alia, Ricardo; Bozic, Gregor; Clark, Jo; Forsteuter, Manfred; Gomory, Dusan; Liesebach, Mirko; Mertens, Patrick; Rasztovits, Ervin; Zitová, Martina; von Wühlisch, Georg
Editor: Alia, Ricardo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Biosciences
Publisher: INIA
Date: 2011
Language: eng
Belongs to series: Genetic Resources of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) for Sustainable Forestry Proceedings of the COST E52 Final Meeting
Belongs to series: SERIE FORESTAL
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/29985
Abstract: Spring phenology is considered one of the most important determinants of growth and survival in young stands. It is relatively easy to monitor and is expected to respond to climate changes that will affect the favourable period for growth in temperate regions. The response of trees to the environmental cues that govern spring phenology is largely under genetic control and inter-populational differences exist within species. This suggests that the trait undergoes site-specific selection. Data obtained through monitoring of bud burst at multiple beech provenance-trials were compared with specific site and weather data to reveal geographical clines in beech phenology. We fitted the Weibull function to harmonise phenology data collected using various flushing scales and at different intensities of monitoring. By comparing data from 20 annual census of phenology performed across 13 sites throughout Europe, we showed that accumulated temperature sum > 5°C modelled the timing and duration of flushing more consistently than other temperature sum models > 0°C or > 8°C, or simply Julian Day. Inconsistency in the number of degree hours required for flushing among sites, reinforced the need for testing of more complex mechanistic models that include photoperiod, chilling period, and summer drought in addition to temperature sum. South-North, East-West, and low-high elevational clines were confirmed from the analysis. These findings; reinforce the need for caution in planting provenances from the south-east of Europe, suited to warmer-drier summers, in more north-westerly sites; and highlight the location of some potentially valuable late-flushing populations that also tolerate warm dry temperatures.
Subject: 1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
4112 Forestry
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