New insights into the environmental factors controlling the ground thermal regime across the Northern Hemisphere

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Karjalainen , O , Luoto , M , Aalto , J & Hjort , J 2019 , ' New insights into the environmental factors controlling the ground thermal regime across the Northern Hemisphere : a comparison between permafrost and non-permafrost areas ' , Cryosphere , vol. 13 , no. 2 , pp. 693-707 . https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-693-2019

Title: New insights into the environmental factors controlling the ground thermal regime across the Northern Hemisphere;
a comparison between permafrost and non-permafrost areas
Author: Karjalainen, Olli; Luoto, Miska; Aalto, Juha; Hjort, Jan
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
University of Helsinki, BioGeoClimate Modelling Lab
Date: 2019-02-28
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Cryosphere
ISSN: 1994-0416
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299882
Abstract: The thermal state of permafrost affects Earth surface systems and human activity in the Arctic and has implications for global climate. Improved understanding of the local-scale variability in the global ground thermal regime is required to account for its sensitivity to changing climatic and geoecological conditions. Here, we statistically related observations of mean annual ground temperature (MAGT) and active-layer thickness (ALT) to high-resolution (similar to 1 km(2)) geospatial data of climatic and local environmental conditions across the Northern Hemisphere. The aim was to characterize the relative importance of key environmental factors and the magnitude and shape of their effects on MAGT and ALT. The multivariate models fitted well to both response variables with average R-2 values being similar to 0.94 and 0.78. Corresponding predictive performances in terms of root-mean-square error were similar to 1.31 degrees C and 87 cm. Freezing (FDD) and thawing (TDD) degree days were key factors for MAGT inside and outside the permafrost domain with average effect sizes of 6.7 and 13.6 degrees C, respectively. Soil properties had marginal effects on MAGT (effect size = 0.4-0.7 degrees C). For ALT, rainfall (effect size = 181 cm) and solar radiation (161 cm) were most influential. Analysis of variable importance further underlined the dominance of climate for MAGT and highlighted the role of solar radiation for ALT. Most response shapes for MAGT
Subject: 1172 Environmental sciences
ACTIVE-LAYER THICKNESS
MOUNTAIN PERMAFROST
SNOW COVER
CLIMATE
TEMPERATURES
HEAT
BASIN
STATE
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