On Virtue, Credit and Safety

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Hirvelä , J 2018 , ' On Virtue, Credit and Safety ' , Grazer Philosophische Studien , vol. 95 , no. 1 , pp. 98-120 . https://doi.org/10.1163/18756735-000033

Title: On Virtue, Credit and Safety
Author: Hirvelä, Jaakko
Contributor organization: Theoretical Philosophy
Department of Philosophy, History and Art Studies
Date: 2018-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 23
Belongs to series: Grazer Philosophische Studien
ISSN: 0165-9227
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/18756735-000033
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299895
Abstract: According to robust virtue epistemology the difference between knowledge and mere true belief is that in cases of knowledge the subject’s cognitive success is attributable to her cognitive agency. But what does it take for a subject’s cognitive success to be attributable to her cognitive agency? A promising answer is that the subject’s cognitive abilities have to contribute to the safety of her epistemic standing with respect to her inquiry, in order for her cognitive success to be attributable to her cognitive agency. Call this idea the contribution thesis. I will argue that the contribution thesis follows naturally from virtue epistemological accounts of knowledge and that it is precisely the contribution thesis that allows the virtue epistemologist to deal with a with a wide variety of objections. Nevertheless, the principal aim of this paper is to argue that virtue epistemological theories of knowledge that are committed to the contribution thesis are ultimately untenable. There are cases of knowledge where the subject’s cognitive abilities do not improve the safety of the subject’s belief.
Subject: 611 Philosophy
VIRTUE EPISTEMOLOGY
SAFETY
CREDIT
KNOWLEDGE
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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