Successful weight maintainers among young adults—A ten-year prospective population study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299896

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Kärkkäinen , U , Mustelin , L , Raevuori , A , Kaprio , J & Keski-Rahkonen , A 2018 , ' Successful weight maintainers among young adults—A ten-year prospective population study ' , Eating behaviors , vol. 29 , pp. 91-98 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.03.004

Title: Successful weight maintainers among young adults—A ten-year prospective population study
Author: Kärkkäinen, Ulla; Mustelin, Linda; Raevuori, Anu; Kaprio, Jaakko; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2018-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Eating behaviors
ISSN: 1471-0153
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/299896
Abstract: Objectives: To assess factors associated with successful weight maintenance over ten years in a prospective general population sample of young adults. Material and methods: Our study comprised 2452 women and 2227 men born in 1975-1979 (mean age at baseline 24 years, attrition 27.1%). Weight maintenance was defined as weight maintained within +/- 5% of baseline body mass index (BMI). We examined the role of various sociodemographic and lifestyle factors in successful weight maintenance. Results: Relatively few young adults were able to maintain their weight over ten years (28.6% of women vs. 23.0% of men); net weight loss was uncommon (7.5% and 3.8%). Most participants gained weight (mean annual weight gain was 0.9 kg in women and 1.0 kg in men). Among women, exercise was associated with successful weight maintenance, but having two or more children, frequent use of sweet drinks, irregular eating, history of dieting (intentional weight loss) and low life satisfaction were associated with weight gain. Among men, higher baseline BMI and higher education were associated with successful weight maintenance, whereas irregular eating, history of dieting and smoking were associated with weight gain. Conclusions: Only about a quarter of young adults were able to resist weight gain. Regular eating and having no history of dieting were associated with successful weight maintenance in young women and men.
Subject: 3124 Neurology and psychiatry
Longitudinal
Weight maintenance
Weight gain
Young adults
General population
Prospective cohort
CARDIA
LOSS MAINTENANCE
ABDOMINAL OBESITY
WOMEN
FINNISH TWINS
PREDICTORS
BODY-MASS INDEX
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
DIETARY PATTERNS
GAIN
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
515 Psychology
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