Ancient Philosophers on Mental Illness

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Ahonen , M P 2019 , ' Ancient Philosophers on Mental Illness ' , History of Psychiatry , vol. 30 , no. 1 , pp. 3-18 .

Title: Ancient Philosophers on Mental Illness
Author: Ahonen, Marke Pauliina
Contributor organization: Department of World Cultures 2010-2017
Date: 2019-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: History of Psychiatry
ISSN: 0957-154X
Abstract: This article explores how the ancient philosophers from Plato to late antiquity understood mental illness. It outlines when, how and in what kind of contexts the phenomenon of mental illness was recognized in the ancient philosophical texts, how mental illness was understood in terms of the body-mind interaction, and how mental disorders of the medical kind were distinguished from non-medical psychic disturbances. It establishes that, while the philosophers mostly understood mental illness along the lines of ancient medical thinking, their ideas, for example on the nature and location of the soul, informed their theories of mental illness.
Subject: 3124 Neurology and psychiatry
611 Philosophy
615 History and Archaeology
Ancient medicine
ancient philosophy
history of madness
mental illness
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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