Capturing the diversity of working age life-courses : A European perspective on cohorts born before 1945

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dc.contributor.author Komp-Leukkunen, Kathrin Susanne
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-14T14:32:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-14T14:32:01Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02-22
dc.identifier.citation Komp-Leukkunen , K S 2019 , ' Capturing the diversity of working age life-courses : A European perspective on cohorts born before 1945 ' , PLoS One , vol. 14 , no. 2 , 0212400 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212400
dc.identifier.other PURE: 122790870
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: cf4ac084-2255-425e-9cab-d4c6c307b904
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85061978094
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000459709100060
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300106
dc.description.abstract Life-courses describe people’s activities from the cradle to the grave. Because life-courses are typically complex, models are used to simplify their description. The most commonly used model is tripartite, representing lives in subsequent periods of education, work, and retirement. However, researchers criticize this model as limited in the activities considered, overly simplistic in the activity sequence, and blind to variation between life-courses. This article explores working age life-courses, which typically show high diversity. Multichannel sequence and cluster analyses are conducted on people’s activities from age 15 to 65. Data stem from the life-history interviews of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, capturing cohorts born before 1945. Findings show that three out of four working age life-courses are in line with the tripartite model. This share is particularly high among men, the cohort born 1935 to 1944, and in Northern and Eastern Europe. In contrast, a considerable share of women spent their working age on homemaking, especially women born before 1935, and those living in Southern Europe. Finally, a smaller number of men spent their working age on paid work, followed by a period of illness or of non-employment. The working age life-course patterns identified are used to develop alternative life-course models. However, for a parsimonious solution, the use of two models suffices. A combination of the tripartite model and the model equating middle age to homemaking captures the lives of more than nine out of ten older Europeans. The prevalence of working age life-course patterns in a population is country-specific, and the country differences align with the welfare regimes. This perspective makes working age life-courses characteristics of a society that can be used to map social inequalities at the macro-level and capture social change over time. en
dc.format.extent 21
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 5141 Sociology
dc.subject 5142 Social policy
dc.subject DE-STANDARDIZATION
dc.subject SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS
dc.subject LABOR-MARKET
dc.subject BABY BOOMERS
dc.subject RETIREMENT
dc.subject GENDER
dc.subject FAMILY
dc.subject TRAJECTORIES
dc.subject EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject WOMEN
dc.title Capturing the diversity of working age life-courses : A European perspective on cohorts born before 1945 en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Social Policy
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
dc.contributor.organization Population ageing
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212400
dc.relation.issn 1932-6203
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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