Sung melody enhances verbal learning and recall after stroke

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300108

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Leo , V , Sihvonen , A J , Linnavalli , T , Tervaniemi , M , Laine , M , Soinila , S & Särkämö , T 2018 , ' Sung melody enhances verbal learning and recall after stroke ' , Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences , vol. 1423 , no. 1 , pp. 296-307 . https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13624

Title: Sung melody enhances verbal learning and recall after stroke
Author: Leo, Vera; Sihvonen, Aleksi J.; Linnavalli, Tanja; Tervaniemi, Mari; Laine, Matti; Soinila, Seppo; Särkämö, Teppo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Education
University of Helsinki, Neurologian yksikkö
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2018-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 0077-8923
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300108
Abstract: Coupling novel verbal material with a musical melody can potentially aid in its learning and recall in healthy subjects, but this has never been systematically studied in stroke patients with cognitive deficits. In a counterbalanced design, we presented novel verbal material (short narrative stories) in both spoken and sung formats to stroke patients at the acute poststroke stage and 6 months poststroke. The task comprised three learning trials and a delayed recall trial. Memory performance on the spoken and sung tasks did not differ at the acute stage, whereas sung stories were learned and recalled significantly better compared with spoken stories at the 6 months poststroke stage. Interestingly, this pattern of results was evident especially in patients with mild aphasia, in whom the learning of sung versus spoken stories improved more from the acute to the 6-month stages compared with nonaphasic patients. Overall, these findings suggest that singing could be used as a mnemonic aid in the learning of novel verbal material in later stages of recovery after stroke.
Subject: song
speech
verbal learning
stroke
aphasia
LONG-TERM-MEMORY
ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
CONGENITAL AMUSIA
LANGUAGE FUNCTION
ACQUIRED AMUSIA
ISCHEMIC-STROKE
MUSIC
TEXT
SONGS
BRAIN
515 Psychology
516 Educational sciences
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