Handbook for the measurement of macrofungal functional traits : A start with basidiomycete wood fungi

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Dawson , S K , Boddy , L , Halbwachs , H , Bässler , C , Andrew , C , Crowther , T W , Heilmann-Clausen , J , Nordén , J , Ovaskainen , O & Jönsson , M 2019 , ' Handbook for the measurement of macrofungal functional traits : A start with basidiomycete wood fungi ' , Functional Ecology , vol. 33 , no. 3 , pp. 372-387 . https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13239

Title: Handbook for the measurement of macrofungal functional traits : A start with basidiomycete wood fungi
Author: Dawson, Samantha Katherine; Boddy, Lynne; Halbwachs, Hans; Bässler, Claus; Andrew, Carrie; Crowther, Thomas Ward; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob; Nordén, Jenni; Ovaskainen, Otso; Jönsson, Mari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Date: 2019-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Functional Ecology
ISSN: 0269-8463
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300458
Abstract: Functional traits are widely recognized as a useful framework for testing mechanisms underlying species community assemblage patterns and ecosystem processes. Functional trait studies in the plant and animal literature have burgeoned in the past 20 years, highlighting a need for standardized ways to measure ecologically meaningful traits across taxa and ecosystems. However, standardized measurements of functional traits are lacking for many organisms and ecosystems, including fungi. Basidiomycete wood fungi occur in all forest ecosystems world-wide, where they are decomposers and also provide food or habitat for other species, or act as tree pathogens. Despite their major role in the functioning of forest ecosystems, the understanding and application of functional traits in studies of communities of wood fungi lags behind other disciplines. As the research field of fungal functional ecology is growing, there is a need for standardized ways to measure fungal traits within and across taxa and spatial scales. This handbook reviews pre-existing fungal trait measurements, proposes new core fungal traits, discusses trait ecology in fungi and highlights areas for future work on basidiomycete wood fungi. We propose standard and potential future methodologies for collecting traits to be used across studies, ensuring replicability and fostering between-study comparison. Combining concepts from fungal ecology and functional trait ecology, methodologies covered here can be related to fungal performance within a community and environmental setting. This manuscript is titled "a start with" as we only cover a subset of the fungal community here, with the aim of encouraging and facilitating the writing of handbooks for other members of the macrofungal community, for example, mycorrhizal fungi. A is available for this article.
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
characteristics
community ecology
lignicolous
methods
protocols
DECAYING FUNGI
INTRASPECIFIC VARIABILITY
SIZE
COLONIZATION PATTERNS
FOREST
FRUIT BODIES
CONSERVATION
COMMUNITY
DIVERSITY
INHABITING FUNGI
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