Prison officers’ capability to recognise and prevent Muslim radicalisation : Qualitative research from two Finnish prisons

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201901081006
Title: Prison officers’ capability to recognise and prevent Muslim radicalisation : Qualitative research from two Finnish prisons
Author: Karling, Niina
Other contributor: Helsingin yliopisto, Teologinen tiedekunta
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Theology
Helsingfors universitet, Teologiska fakulteten
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2018
Language: eng
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201901081006
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300506
Thesis level: master's thesis
Discipline: Religion, Conflict and Dialogue
Religion, Conflict and Dialogue
Religion, Conflict and Dialogue
Abstract: Finnish prisons were in a new situation after fall 2015. The country had received a historical amount of asylum seekers and this also affected prisons, where the number of foreign prisoners, especially remand prisoners, rose. Many of these new prisoners had a Muslim background. At the same time, there were several jihadist motivated terrorist attacks in Europe, where attackers have had a background in prison. These attacks raised public concern in Finland, too. While in many European countries prisons have taken a more accommodating approach to multi-faith, Finland has still very little services for minority religions, such as Islam. This study aims to understand prison officers’ capability to recognise and prevent Muslim radicalisation in Finnish prisons. It is important to bring the prison officers’ voice to the discussion on radicalisation. They are with inmates every day, and they are the ones who will notice the changes in prisoners. The prison officers’ behaviour can both prevent and expose to radicalisation. I did my research in two Finnish prisons using semi-structured interviews and observing. There were altogether 12 interviews of prison officers, and in addition to this, I spent 11 days in prisons in May and June 2017. I will use Peter R. Neumann’s list of factors that help prevent radicalisation inside prisons as a tool to analyse the findings. In addition to this, I also use concepts of misrecognition and mediated recognition as a supporting tool to deepen the analysis. After analysing my data, I present some recommendations in the last chapter, Key findings and discussion. These recommendations are based on the findings of this study and the previous research on the topic. As the scope of this research is limited, I see the role of my study as preliminary research which aims to find themes that affect prison radicalisation from the prison officers’ perspective.
Subject: prison
radicalisation
religion and conflict
misrecognition


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