Economic Attitudes, Social Attitudes and Their Psychological Underpinnings – A Study of the Finnish Political Elite

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300621

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Lönnqvist , J-E & Kivikangas , M J 2019 , ' Economic Attitudes, Social Attitudes and Their Psychological Underpinnings – A Study of the Finnish Political Elite ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 10 , 602 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00602

Title: Economic Attitudes, Social Attitudes and Their Psychological Underpinnings – A Study of the Finnish Political Elite
Author: Lönnqvist, Jan-Erik; Kivikangas, Matias J
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Swedish School of Social Science Subunit
Date: 2019-03-19
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Psychology
ISSN: 1664-1078
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300621
Abstract: We investigated the relation between economic and social attitudes and the psychological underpinnings of these attitudes in candidates (N = 9515) in the Finnish 2017 municipal elections. In this politically elite sample, right-wing economic attitudes and social conservatism were positively correlated (r = 0.41), and this correlation was predominantly driven by those on the economic left being socially liberal, and vice versa. In terms of underlying psychological processes, consistent with dual process models of political ideology, the anti-egalitarian aspect of social dominance orientation was more strongly associated with right-wing economic attitudes, and the conventionalism and aggression aspects of right-wing authoritarianism with social conservatism. Our results show that even in a non-United States context in which the masses organize their political attitudes on two independent dimensions, these dimensions are moderately aligned among certain parts of the political elite, and that the political attitudes of the political elite can be traced to underlying psychological motivations. We argue that equality concerns could play a role in explaining why the left-right and liberal-conservative dimensions are more strongly aligned among those on the left and those more liberal.
Subject: 5144 Social psychology
political attitudes
political elite
left-right dimension elections
liberal-conservative
authoritarianism
social dominance orientation
dual process models
political ideology
MORAL FOUNDATIONS
DOMINANCE ORIENTATION
IDEOLOGY
CONSERVATISM
AUTHORITARIANISM
PREFERENCES
EXPERTISE
WESTERN
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