Genetic analysis of the grapevine genotypes of the Russian Vitis ampelographic collection using iPBS markers

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Milovanov , A , Zvyagin , A , Daniyarov , A , Kalendar , R & Troshin , L 2019 , ' Genetic analysis of the grapevine genotypes of the Russian Vitis ampelographic collection using iPBS markers ' , Genetica , vol. 147 , no. 1 , pp. 91-101 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10709-019-00055-5

Title: Genetic analysis of the grapevine genotypes of the Russian Vitis ampelographic collection using iPBS markers
Author: Milovanov, Alexander; Zvyagin, Andrey; Daniyarov, Asset; Kalendar, Ruslan; Troshin, Leonid
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Crop Science Research Group
Date: 2019-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Genetica
ISSN: 0016-6707
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300623
Abstract: Cultivated grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. ssp. sativa D.C.) is one of the oldest agricultural crops, each variety comprising an array of clones obtained by vegetative propagation from a selected vine grown from a single seedling. Most clones within a variety are identical, but some show a different form of accession, giving rise to new divergent phenotypes. Understanding the associations among the genotypes within a variety is crucial to efficient management and effective grapevine improvement. Inter-primer binding-site (iPBS) markers may aid in determining the new clones inside closely related genotypes. Following this idea, iPBS markers were used to assess the genetic variation of 33 grapevine genotypes collected from Russia. We used molecular markers to identify the differences among and within five grapevine clonal populations and analysed the variation, using clustering and statistical approaches. Four of a total of 30 PBS primers were selected, based on amplification efficiency. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with PBS primers resulted in a total of 1412 bands ranging from 300 to 6000 bp, with a polymorphism ratio of 44%, ranging from 58 to 75 bands per group. In total, were identified seven private bands in 33 genotypes. Results of molecular variance analysis showed that 40% of the total variation was observed within groups and only 60% between groups. Cluster analysis clearly showed that grapevine genotypes are highly divergent and possess abundant genetic diversities. The iPBS PCR-based genome fingerprinting technology used in this study effectively differentiated genotypes into five grapevine groups and indicated that iPBS markers are useful tools for clonal selection. The number of differences between clones was sufficient to identify them as separate clones of studied varieties containing unique mutations. Our previous phenotypic and phenological studies have confirmed that these genotypes differ from those of maternal plants. This work emphasized the need for a better understanding of the genotypic differences among closely related varieties of grapevine and has implications for the management of its selection processes.
Subject: )
C
Clonal selection
DNA
DOMESTICATION
EVOLUTION
Genetic diversity
Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L
HISTORY
Inter-Primer Binding Site (iPBS)
Molecular markers
ORIGINS
PARENTAGE
SOFTWARE
TOOLS
VARIETIES
VINIFERA
sativa D
ssp
1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
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