The Impact of Early Life Stress on Anxiety Symptoms in Late Adulthood

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300630

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Lähdepuro , A , Savolainen , K , Lahti-Pulkkinen , M , Eriksson , J G , Lahti , J , Tuovinen , S , Kajantie , E , Pesonen , A-K , Heinonen , K & Räikkönen , K 2019 , ' The Impact of Early Life Stress on Anxiety Symptoms in Late Adulthood ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 9 , 4395 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40698-0

Title: The Impact of Early Life Stress on Anxiety Symptoms in Late Adulthood
Author: Lähdepuro, Anna; Savolainen, Katri; Lahti-Pulkkinen, Marius; Eriksson, Johan G.; Lahti, Jari; Tuovinen, Soile; Kajantie, Eero; Pesonen, Anu-Katriina; Heinonen, Kati; Räikkönen, Katri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Developmental Psychology Research Group
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Johan Eriksson / Principal Investigator
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Lastentautien yksikkö
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2019-03-13
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300630
Abstract: Early life stress (ELS) may increase the risk of anxiety throughout the life course. Whether this effect extends to late adulthood is poorly known. In our study comprising 1872 participants from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study born in 1934-1944, we investigated the association of various forms of ELS and their accumulation with self-reported anxiety symptoms at the age of 65-77 years. Data on childhood socioeconomic status and separation from parents were based on national registers for all participants. Information on self-reported emotional and physical trauma, parental divorce, and death of a family member in childhood was obtained from 1277 participants. We found that experiencing emotional trauma, physical trauma, and low socioeconomic status in childhood were associated with increased anxiety symptoms in late adulthood [B = 0.44 (95% CI = 0.31-0.58); B = 0.33 (95%CI = 0.20-0.46); B = 0.10 (95%CI = 0.01-0.19), respectively]. These associations remained significant even after controlling for other forms of ELS. Accumulation of early life stress also increased the levels of late-adulthood anxiety symptoms and the risk of anxiety regarded as clinically significant. Screening for potentially stressful childhood experiences in elderly populations may help identifying individuals with increased anxiety symptoms and planning preventive and therapeutic interventions for those exposed to ELS.
Subject: ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES
OLDER-ADULTS
MENTAL-DISORDERS
PSYCHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS
PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS
PERSONALITY-DISORDERS
RETROSPECTIVE REPORTS
PHYSICAL ABUSE
PANIC DISORDER
PARENTAL LOSS
515 Psychology
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