Increasing Salience of Crime Control in Finnish Parliamentary Data from the 1970s to the 2000s

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300633

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Häkkinen , E 2019 , ' Increasing Salience of Crime Control in Finnish Parliamentary Data from the 1970s to the 2000s ' , Bergen Journal of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice , vol. 6 , no. 2 , pp. 152–177 . https://doi.org/10.15845/bjclcj.v6i2.2722

Title: Increasing Salience of Crime Control in Finnish Parliamentary Data from the 1970s to the 2000s
Author: Häkkinen, Esko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law
Date: 2019-02-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 26
Belongs to series: Bergen Journal of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
ISSN: 1894-4183
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300633
Abstract: In Finland, a post-war expansion of the welfare state was associated with a decline in the use of imprisonment. The 1990s marked the beginning of a more ambivalent era in Finnish criminal justice. How does this turning point appear in public discourse on crime by political decision-makers? All parliamentary questions and members' initiatives 1975 to 2010 were examined with a keyword-based quantitative search, and further content analysis was conducted on data made up of 1,589 written parliamentary questions about crime control from 1970 to 2010. The relative prevalence of criminal policy issues rose significantly in the early 1990s. During the same period, the political initiative has moved towards the right and the views of the left seem to have moved closer to the right concurrently. Although stances have become tougher, expressions of leniency were in the minority before the 1990s too, which stresses the significance of the general level of political attention itself. Developments regarding specific types of crime are discussed.
Subject: 513 Law
criminal justice
penal policy
legal history
parliamentary democracy
political parties
Finland
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