Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas : The Case of Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300681

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Lehikoinen , E , Parviainen , T O , Helenius , J P , Jalava , M , Salonen , A O & Kummu , M 2019 , ' Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas : The Case of Finland ' , Sustainability , vol. 11 , no. 4 , 1075 . https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041075

Title: Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas : The Case of Finland
Author: Lehikoinen, Elina; Parviainen, Tuure Ossian; Helenius, Juha Pekka; Jalava, Mika; Salonen, Arto O.; Kummu, Matti
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
Date: 2019-02-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: Sustainability
ISSN: 2071-1050
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300681
Abstract: Water scarcity is a severe global threat, and it will only become more critical with a growing and wealthier population. Annually, considerable volumes of water are transferred virtually through the global food system to secure nations’ food supply and to diversify diets. Our objective is to assess, whether specializing water-intensive production for exports in areas with an abundance of natural resources, would contribute to globally resource-efficient food production. We calculated Finland’s virtual water net export potential (four scenarios) by reallocating the present underutilized agricultural land and combining that with a domestic diet change (three scenarios) to maximize the exports of cattle products. Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export virtual water (3.7 billion m3 year−1, 25-time increase to current) was achieved when local production was maximized with domestic and exported feed, and bovine meat consumption in Finland wasreplaced with a vegetarian substitute. This corresponds to annual virtual water consumption for food of about 3.6 million global citizens (assuming 1032 m3 cap−1 year−1). Therefore our results suggest, that optimizing water-intensive production to water-rich areas, has a significant impact on global water savings. In addition, increasing exports from such areas by decreasing the domestic demand for water-intensive products to meet the nutrition recommendation levels, saves water resources.
Subject: 412 Animal science, dairy science
415 Other agricultural sciences
1172 Environmental sciences
cattle production
diet change
land use
reallocation
trade
virtual water
water-intensive products
cattle production
diet change
land use
reallocation
trade
virtual water
water-intensive products
AGRICULTURAL LAND-USE
CLIMATE-CHANGE
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
RAPESEED MEAL
GRASS-SILAGE
FOOTPRINT
TRADE
WORLD
POPULATION
EXPANSION
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