Identifying eating habits in Finnish children : a cross-sectional study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300792

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Figueiredo , R , Viljakainen , J M , Viljakainen , H , Roos , E , Rounge , T & Weiderpass , E 2019 , ' Identifying eating habits in Finnish children : a cross-sectional study ' , BMC Public Health , vol. 2019/19 , no. 312 , 312 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6603-x

Title: Identifying eating habits in Finnish children : a cross-sectional study
Author: Figueiredo, Rejane; Viljakainen, Jannina M; Viljakainen, Heli; Roos, Eva; Rounge, Trine; Weiderpass, Elisabete
Contributor organization: Faculty of Medicine
Doctoral Programme in Population Health
Department of Food and Nutrition
Eva Roos / Principal Investigator
HUS Children and Adolescents
Date: 2019-03-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6603-x
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300792
Abstract: BackgroundWe aimed to identify different eating habits among Finnish children and to evaluate their association with meal patterns, breakfast consumption, and socio-demographic characteristics in a large, nationwide cohort of children.MethodsWe evaluated 10,569 children aged 9-14years into the Finnish Health in Teens cohort in a cross-sectional design. The hierarchical K-means method was used to identify groups of children with different eating habits, based on five factors obtained through factor analysis of 10 food items. Multiple correspondence analysis was used to show associations between groups with different eating habits and meal patterns, breakfast patterns, gender, age, and language spoken at home.ResultsAnalyses identified three groups: unhealthy eaters (12.3%), fruit and vegetable avoiders (43.3%), and healthy eaters (44.1%). Most children had regular meal and breakfast patterns. The proportion of boys was higher among unhealthy eaters. Unhealthy eaters also showed irregular meal and breakfast patterns, and had parents with low education level. There was a higher proportion of girls among healthy eaters. Healthy eaters also showed regular meal and breakfast patterns, and had parents with high education level.ConclusionsAlthough the number of unhealthy eaters was small, special attention should be still paid to these, mostly male children, as they have poor eating habits and they lack regular eating routine. Skipping breakfast was more common among older children and girls, although girls had healthier eating habits overall. Our results can contribute to public health efforts to improve eating behaviours, especially among children with poor eating habits and those skipping healthy food items.
Subject: Eating habits
Healthy eating
Breakfast
Meal pattern
Children
Finland
Epidemiology
SWEDISH-SPEAKING MINORITY
SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN
NUTRIENT INTAKE
LIFE-STYLE
HEALTH BEHAVIOR
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
DIETARY PATTERNS
FOOD CHOICES
MEAL PATTERN
ADOLESCENTS
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3143 Nutrition
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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