Schizophrenia and induced abortions : A national register-based follow-up study among Finnish women born between 1965-1980 with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder

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Simoila , L , Isometsä , E , Gissler , M , Suvisaari , J , Sailas , E , Halmesmäki , E & Lindberg , N 2018 , ' Schizophrenia and induced abortions : A national register-based follow-up study among Finnish women born between 1965-1980 with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder ' , Schizophrenia Research , vol. 192 , pp. 142-147 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2017.05.039

Title: Schizophrenia and induced abortions : A national register-based follow-up study among Finnish women born between 1965-1980 with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder
Author: Simoila, Laura; Isometsä, Erkki; Gissler, Mika; Suvisaari, Jaana; Sailas, Eila; Halmesmäki, Erja; Lindberg, Nina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, HUS Gynecology and Obstetrics
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
Date: 2018-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Schizophrenia Research
ISSN: 0920-9964
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301090
Abstract: Background: The objectives of this study were to investigate, in women with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, the number and incidence of induced abortions (= pregnancy terminations performed by a physician), their demographic characteristics, use of contraceptives, plus indications of and complications related to pregnancy termination. Methods: Using the Care Register for Health Care, we identified Finnish women born between the years 19651980 who were diagnosed with either schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder during the follow-up period ending 31.122013. For each case, five age- and place-of-birth- matched controls were obtained from the Population Register of Finland. Information about births and induced abortions were obtained from the Medical Birth Register and the Induced Abortion Register. Results: The number and incidence of induced abortions per 1000 follow-up years did not differ between cases and their controls. However, due to fewer pregnancies, cases exhibited an over 2-fold increased risk of pregnancy termination (RR 228; 95% CI 2.20-2.36). Cases were younger, were more often without a partner at the time of induced abortion, and their pregnancies resulted more often from a lack of contraception. Among cases, the indication for pregnancy termination was more often mother-to-be's medical condition. Induced abortions after 12 weeks gestation were more common among cases. However, cases had no more complications related to termination. Conclusions: The incidence of induced abortions among Finnish women with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder is similar to the general population, but their risk per pregnancy over two-fold. They need effective, affordable family planning services and long-term premeditated contraception. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: Induced abortion
Schizoaffective disorder
Schizophrenia
Women
PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS
SPECTRUM DISORDERS
BIRTH COHORT
DATA QUALITY
PREGNANCY
FERTILITY
POPULATION
MANAGEMENT
FINLAND
POSTPARTUM
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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