NHLRC2 variants identified in patients with fibrosis, neurodegeneration, and cerebral angiomatosis (FINCA) : characterisation of a novel cerebropulmonary disease

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Uusimaa , J , Kaarteenaho , R , Paakkola , T , Tuominen , H , Karjalainen , M K , Nadaf , J , Varilo , T , Uusi-Makela , M , Suo-Palosaari , M , Pietila , I , Hiltunen , A E , Ruddock , L , Alanen , H , Biterova , E , Miinalainen , I , Salminen , A , Soininen , R , Manninen , A , Sormunen , R , Kaakinen , M , Vuolteenaho , R , Herva , R , Vieira , P , Dunder , T , Kokkonen , H , Moilanen , J S , Rantala , H , Nogee , L M , Majewski , J , Ramet , M , Hallman , M & Hinttala , R 2018 , ' NHLRC2 variants identified in patients with fibrosis, neurodegeneration, and cerebral angiomatosis (FINCA) : characterisation of a novel cerebropulmonary disease ' , Acta Neuropathologica , vol. 135 , no. 5 , pp. 727-742 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00401-018-1817-z

Title: NHLRC2 variants identified in patients with fibrosis, neurodegeneration, and cerebral angiomatosis (FINCA) : characterisation of a novel cerebropulmonary disease
Author: Uusimaa, Johanna; Kaarteenaho, Riitta; Paakkola, Teija; Tuominen, Hannu; Karjalainen, Minna K.; Nadaf, Javad; Varilo, Teppo; Uusi-Makela, Meri; Suo-Palosaari, Maria; Pietila, Ilkka; Hiltunen, Anniina E.; Ruddock, Lloyd; Alanen, Heli; Biterova, Ekaterina; Miinalainen, Ilkka; Salminen, Annamari; Soininen, Raija; Manninen, Aki; Sormunen, Raija; Kaakinen, Mika; Vuolteenaho, Reetta; Herva, Riitta; Vieira, Paivi; Dunder, Teija; Kokkonen, Hannaleena; Moilanen, Jukka S.; Rantala, Heikki; Nogee, Lawrence M.; Majewski, Jacek; Ramet, Mika; Hallman, Mikko; Hinttala, Reetta
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2018-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Acta Neuropathologica
ISSN: 0001-6322
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301559
Abstract: A novel multi-organ disease that is fatal in early childhood was identified in three patients from two non-consanguineous families. These children were born asymptomatic but at the age of 2 months they manifested progressive multi-organ symptoms resembling no previously known disease. The main clinical features included progressive cerebropulmonary symptoms, malabsorption, progressive growth failure, recurrent infections, chronic haemolytic anaemia and transient liver dysfunction. In the affected children, neuropathology revealed increased angiomatosis-like leptomeningeal, cortical and superficial white matter vascularisation and congestion, vacuolar degeneration and myelin loss in white matter, as well as neuronal degeneration. Interstitial fibrosis and previously undescribed granuloma-like lesions were observed in the lungs. Hepatomegaly, steatosis and collagen accumulation were detected in the liver. A whole-exome sequencing of the two unrelated families with the affected children revealed the transmission of two heterozygous variants in the NHL repeat-containing protein 2 (NHLRC2); an amino acid substitution p.Asp148Tyr and a frameshift 2-bp deletion p.Arg201GlyfsTer6. NHLRC2 is highly conserved and expressed in multiple organs and its function is unknown. It contains a thioredoxin-like domain; however, an insulin turbidity assay on human recombinant NHLRC2 showed no thioredoxin activity. In patient-derived fibroblasts, NHLRC2 levels were low, and only p.Asp148Tyr was expressed. Therefore, the allele with the frameshift deletion is likely non-functional. Development of the Nhlrc2 null mouse strain stalled before the morula stage. Morpholino knockdown of nhlrc2 in zebrafish embryos affected the integrity of cells in the midbrain region. This is the first description of a fatal, early-onset disease; we have named it FINCA disease based on the combination of pathological features that include fibrosis, neurodegeneration, and cerebral angiomatosis.
Subject: Central nervous system
Cerebropulmonary disease
Multi-organ disease
Interstitial fibrosis
Neurodegeneration
Brain angiogenesis
BENIGN HEREDITARY CHOREA
MUTATIONS
DATABASE
NKX2-1
3112 Neurosciences
3111 Biomedicine
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