Dietary patterns and their associations with home food availability among Finnish pre-school children : a cross-sectional study

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301562

Citation

Vepsalainen , H , Korkalo , L , Mikkila , V , Lehto , R , Ray , C , Nissinen , K , Skaffari , E , Fogelholm , M , Koivusilta , L , Roos , E & Erkkola , M 2018 , ' Dietary patterns and their associations with home food availability among Finnish pre-school children : a cross-sectional study ' , Public Health Nutrition , vol. 21 , no. 7 , pp. 1232-1242 . https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017003871

Title: Dietary patterns and their associations with home food availability among Finnish pre-school children : a cross-sectional study
Author: Vepsalainen, Henna; Korkalo, Liisa; Mikkila, Vera; Lehto, Reetta; Ray, Carola; Nissinen, Kaija; Skaffari, Essi; Fogelholm, Mikael; Koivusilta, Leena; Roos, Eva; Erkkola, Maijaliisa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
Date: 2018-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Public Health Nutrition
ISSN: 1368-9800
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301562
Abstract: Objective: To study the associations between home food availability and dietary patterns among pre-school children. Design: Cross-sectional study in which parents of the participating children filled in an FFQ and reported how often they had certain foods in their homes. We derived dietary pattern scores using principal component analysis, and composite scores describing the availability of fruits and vegetables as well as sugar-enriched foods in the home were created for each participant. We used multilevel models to investigate the associations between availability and dietary pattern scores. Setting: The DAGIS study, Finland. Subjects: The participants were 864 Finnish 3-6-year-old children recruited from sixty-six pre-schools. The analyses included 711 children with sufficient data. Results: We identified three dietary patterns explaining 16.7% of the variance. The patterns were named 'sweets-and-treats' (high loadings of e.g. sweet biscuits, chocolate, ice cream), 'health-conscious' (high loadings of e.g. nuts, natural yoghurt, berries) and 'vegetables-and-processed meats' (high loadings of e.g. vegetables, cold cuts, fruit). In multivariate models, the availability of fruits and vegetables was inversely associated with the sweets-and-treats pattern (beta = -0.05, P <0.01) and positively associated with the health-conscious (beta = 0.07, P <0.01) and vegetables-and-processed meats patterns (beta = 0.06, P <0.01). The availability of sugar-enriched foods was positively associated with the sweets-and-treats pattern (beta = 0.10, P <0.01) and inversely associated with the health-conscious pattern (beta = -0.03, P <0.01). Conclusions: Considering dietary patterns, the availability of sugar-enriched foods in the home seems to have a stronger role than that of fruits and vegetables. Parents should restrict the availability of unhealthy foods in the home.
Subject: Food accessibility
Total diet
Whole diet
Food restriction
Home food environment
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
WEIGHT STATUS
ENVIRONMENT
OBESITY
FRUIT
OVERWEIGHT
DETERMINANTS
ADOLESCENCE
PREVALENCE
CHILDHOOD
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
Dietary_pattern ... iations_with_home_food.pdf 301.5Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record