Low Temperature and Low UV Indexes Correlated with Peaks of Influenza Virus Activity in Northern Europe during 2010-2018

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301650

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Ianevski , A , Zusinaite , E , Shtaida , N , Kallio-Kokko , H , Valkonen , M , Kantele , A , Telling , K , Lutsar , I , Letjuka , P , Metelitsa , N , Oksenych , V , Dumpis , U , Vitkauskiene , A , Stasaitis , K , Öhrmalm , C , Bondeson , K , Bergqvist , A , Cox , R J , Tenson , T , Merits , A & Kainov , D E 2019 , ' Low Temperature and Low UV Indexes Correlated with Peaks of Influenza Virus Activity in Northern Europe during 2010-2018 ' , Viruses-Basel , vol. 11 , no. 3 , 207 . https://doi.org/10.3390/v11030207

Title: Low Temperature and Low UV Indexes Correlated with Peaks of Influenza Virus Activity in Northern Europe during 2010-2018
Author: Ianevski, Aleksandr; Zusinaite, Eva; Shtaida, Nastassia; Kallio-Kokko, Hannimari; Valkonen, Miia; Kantele, Anu; Telling, Kaidi; Lutsar, Irja; Letjuka, Pille; Metelitsa, Natalja; Oksenych, Valentyn; Dumpis, Uga; Vitkauskiene, Astra; Stasaitis, Kestutis; Öhrmalm, Christina; Bondeson, Kåre; Bergqvist, Anders; Cox, Rebecca J.; Tenson, Tanel; Merits, Andres; Kainov, Denis E.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Computational Systems Medicine
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, Department of Bacteriology and Immunology
University of Helsinki, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Date: 2019-03-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Viruses-Basel
ISSN: 1999-4915
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301650
Abstract: With the increasing pace of global warming, it is important to understand the role of meteorological factors in influenza virus (IV) epidemics. In this study, we investigated the impact of temperature, UV index, humidity, wind speed, atmospheric pressure, and precipitation on IV activity in Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania during 2010-2018. Both correlation and machine learning analyses revealed that low temperature and UV indexes were the most predictive meteorological factors for IV epidemics in Northern Europe. Our in vitro experiments confirmed that low temperature and UV radiation preserved IV infectivity. Associations between these meteorological factors and IV activity could improve surveillance and promote development of accurate predictive models for future influenza outbreaks in the region.
Subject: influenza
epidemics
weather
temperature
UV
MORTALITY
3111 Biomedicine
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
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