Cognitive Performance among Cognitively Healthy Adults Aged 30–100 Years

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301792

Citation

Alenius , M , Koskinen , S , Hallikainen , I , Ngandu , T , Lipsanen , J , Sainio , P , Tuulio-Henriksson , A & Hänninen , T 2019 , ' Cognitive Performance among Cognitively Healthy Adults Aged 30–100 Years ' , Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. Extra , vol. 9 , no. 1 , pp. 11-23 . https://doi.org/10.1159/000495657

Title: Cognitive Performance among Cognitively Healthy Adults Aged 30–100 Years
Author: Alenius, Minna; Koskinen, Sanna; Hallikainen, Ilona; Ngandu, Tiia; Lipsanen, Jari; Sainio, Päivi; Tuulio-Henriksson, Annamari; Hänninen, Tuomo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Population Health
University of Helsinki, Staff Services
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2019-02-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. Extra
ISSN: 1664-5464
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301792
Abstract: Background/Aims: To detect cognitive decline in older adults, measures of verbal fluency and verbal memory are widely used. Less is known about performance in these measures in younger persons or according to education level and gender. We investigated cognitive performance according to age, education and gender among cognitively healthy adults aged 30-100 years. Methods: The study population comprised 4,174 cognitively healthy persons participating in the nationally representative Finnish Health 2011 survey. Cognitive assessment included verbal fluency, word list memory, word list recall and word list savings from the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease neuropsychological battery. Results: Total variance in the cognitive test performance explained by age, education and gender varied from 12.3 to 31.2%. A decreasing trend in cognitive performance existed in all subtests by advancing age, with differences appearing between 50 and 55 years. Persons with the highest-education level performed best for all measures. For the participants <55 years, education explained part of the variance, while age and gender did not. Conclusions: When assessing cognition, age and education should be accounted for in more detail in research and clinical practice. Additionally, the cohort effect and its potential impact on the renewal cycle of future normative values for cognitive tests should be considered. (C) 2019 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel
Subject: 515 Psychology
Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease
Cognitive abilities screening instrument
Cognitive ageing
Education
VERBAL FLUENCY TESTS
ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
NORMATIVE DATA
IMPAIRMENT
POPULATION
DEMENTIA
DECLINE
CERAD
CONSORTIUM
EDUCATION
6162 Cognitive science
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
495657.pdf 942.1Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record