Self-reported psychosis-like experiences in patients with mood disorders

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/302456

Citation

Baryshnikov , I , Suvisaari , J , Aaltonen , K , Koivisto , M , Melartin , T , Näätänen , P , Suominen , K , Karpov , B , Heikkinen , M , Oksanen , J , Paunio , T , Joffe , G & Isometsä , E 2018 , ' Self-reported psychosis-like experiences in patients with mood disorders ' , European Psychiatry , vol. 51 , pp. 90-97 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.07.005

Title: Self-reported psychosis-like experiences in patients with mood disorders
Author: Baryshnikov, I.; Suvisaari, J.; Aaltonen, K.; Koivisto, M.; Melartin, T.; Näätänen, P.; Suominen, K.; Karpov, B.; Heikkinen, M.; Oksanen, J.; Paunio, T.; Joffe, G.; Isometsä, E.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Computer Science
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
Date: 2018-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: European Psychiatry
ISSN: 0924-9338
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/302456
Abstract: Background: Self-reported psychosis-like experiences (PEs) may be common in patients with mood disorders, but their clinical correlates are not well known. We investigated their prevalence and relationships with self-reported symptoms of depression, mania, anxiety, borderline (BPD) and schizotypal (SPD) personality disorders among psychiatric patients with mood disorders. Methods: The Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE-42), Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), McLean Screening Instrument (MSI), The Beck Depressive Inventory (BDI), Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale (OASIS) and Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief form (SPQ-B) were filled in by patients with mood disorders (n = 282) from specialized care. Correlation coefficients between total scores and individual items of CAPE-42 and BDI, SPQ-B, MSI and MDQ were estimated. Hierarchical multivariate regression analysis was conducted to examine factors influencing the frequency of self-reported PE. Results: PEs are common in patients with mood disorders. The "frequency of positive symptoms" score of CAPE-42 correlated strongly with total score of SPQ-B (rho = 0.63; P <0.001) and moderately with total scores of BDI, MDQ OASIS and MSI (rho varied from 0.37 to 0.56; P <0.001). Individual items of CAPE-42 correlated moderately with specific items of BDI, MDQ SPQ-B and MSI (r(phi) varied from 0.2 to 0.5; P <0.001). Symptoms of anxiety, mania or hypomania and BPD were significant predictors of the "frequency of positive symptoms" score of CAPE-42. Conclusions: Several, state- and trait-related factors may underlie self-reported PEs among mood disorder patients. These include cognitive-perceptual distortions of SPD; distrustfulness, identity disturbance, dissociative and affective symptoms of BPD; and cognitive biases related to depressive or manic symptoms. (C) 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Subject: Psychosis-like symptoms
Mood disorder patients
Borderline personality disorder
BORDERLINE-PERSONALITY-DISORDER
MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
MCLEAN SCREENING INSTRUMENT
GENERAL-POPULATION
BIPOLAR DISORDER
DSM-IV
SUICIDAL IDEATION
PSYCHIATRIC-CARE
MSI-BPD
SYMPTOMS
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
1_s2.0_S0924933816300906_main.pdf 231.2Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record