Unraveling the diversity of sedimentary sulfate-reducing prokaryotes (SRP) across Tibetan saline lakes using epicPCR

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Qin , H , Wang , S , Feng , K , He , Z , Virta , M P J , Hou , W , Dong , H & Deng , Y 2019 , ' Unraveling the diversity of sedimentary sulfate-reducing prokaryotes (SRP) across Tibetan saline lakes using epicPCR ' , Microbiome , vol. 7 , 71 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s40168-019-0688-4

Title: Unraveling the diversity of sedimentary sulfate-reducing prokaryotes (SRP) across Tibetan saline lakes using epicPCR
Author: Qin, Huayu; Wang, Shang; Feng, Kai; He, Zhili; Virta, Marko P. J.; Hou, Weiguo; Dong, Hailiang; Deng, Ye
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Microbiology
Date: 2019-05-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Microbiome
ISSN: 2049-2618
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/302653
Abstract: Sulfate reduction is an important biogeochemical process in the ecosphere; however, the major taxa of sulfate reducers have not been fully identified. Here, we used epicPCR (Emulsion, Paired Isolation, and Concatenation PCR) technology to identify the phylogeny of sulfate-reducing prokaryotes (SRP) in sediments from Tibetan Plateau saline lakes. A total of 12,519 OTUs and 883 SRP-OTUs were detected in ten lakes by sequencing of 16S rRNA gene PCR amplicons and epicPCR products of fused 16S rRNA plus dsrB gene, respectively, with Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes being the dominant phyla in both datasets. The 120 highly abundant SRP-OTUs (>1% in at least one sample) were affiliated with 17 described phyla, only 7 of which are widely recognized as SRP phyla. The majority of OTUs from both the whole microbial communities and the SRPs were not detected in more than one specific lake, suggesting high levels of endemism. The -diversity of the entire microbial community and SRP sub-community showed significant positive correlations. The pH value and mean water temperature of the month prior to sampling were the environmental determinants for the whole microbial community, while the mean water temperature and total nitrogen were the major environmental drivers for the SRP sub-community. This study revealed there are still many undocumented SRP in Tibetan saline lakes, many of which could be endemic and adapted to specific environmental conditions.
Subject: Sulfate-reducing prokaryotes
Functional taxa diversity
epicPCR
Tibetan saline lakes
BACTERIAL COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
MICROBIAL DIVERSITY
DRAFT GENOME
SP NOV.
PH
BIODIVERSITY
BIOGEOGRAPHY
TEMPERATURE
SEQUENCES
REDUCTION
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
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