Advertising the European identity : Instagram analysis on the visual self-presentation of the European Parliament and the European Commission

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten sv
dc.contributor.author Cámara Castillo, Laura
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201906132812
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/302878
dc.description.abstract The interactive features of social media platforms facilitate communication between political institutions and citizens and are said to enhance democracy by strengthening the public sphere. On the other hand, the commercialization of social networks and fragmentation of the public, together with the current mediatization of political communication, undermine the democratic possibilities of online platforms. Nowadays, the main social media platforms are owned by large US-based corporations with economic interests that often come into conflict with the public values promoted by EU institutions. Moreover, European institutions have the challenge of being often portrayed as non-transparent and remaining underrepresented in mass media. For that matter, analyzing how EU institutions present themselves on social media is relevant to understand which values they intend to promote and how do they interact with citizens, especially young people. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze how the European Parliament and the European Commission use visual communication on Instagram to portray themselves and in which ways they use the interactive possibilities available in the Stories feature to communicate with citizens. In particular, this case study focuses on Instagram because it is a visually-centered social media platform, which allows analyzing the visual aspects of political communication fairly easily. Based on Habermas’ concept of public sphere, the analysis also considers whether democratic deliberation is part of the communication strategy of European institutions. Qualitative content analysis and thematic analysis have been used as methods to assess the images and videos published on the Instagram accounts of the European Parliament and the European Commission during a period of 30 days, between January and February 2019. The clusters of analysis presented by Russmann and Svensson (2016), including perception, image management, integration and interactivity, have been selected as the main variables to analyze the content. The results of the analysis suggest that the communication strategy of the European institutions on Instagram is rather based on one-directional and top-down communication, accordingly with the findings of previous research. The European Parliament and the European Commission mostly use Instagram to inform citizens about their policy and to promote European values, instead of engaging in democratic deliberation and strengthening political participation. Furthermore, the building of the European identity appears to be a central aspect of the communication strategy of the analyzed institutions, often together with personalization and explicit reference to users. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.publisher University of Helsinki en
dc.publisher Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.subject European Union
dc.subject Instagram
dc.subject democratic deliberation
dc.subject self-presentation
dc.subject social media
dc.title Advertising the European identity : Instagram analysis on the visual self-presentation of the European Parliament and the European Commission en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
dc.type.ontasot master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201906132812
dc.subject.specialization Media and Democracy fi
dc.subject.specialization Media and Democracy en
dc.subject.specialization Media and Democracy sv
dc.subject.degreeprogram Globaalin politiikan ja kommunikaation maisteriohjelma fi
dc.subject.degreeprogram Master's Programme in Global Politics and Communication en
dc.subject.degreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i global politik och kommunikation sv

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