Polymeric Nanoparticles Limit the Collective Migration of Cellular Aggregates

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303238

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Beaune , G , Nagarajan , U , Brochard-Wyart , F & Winnik , F M 2019 , ' Polymeric Nanoparticles Limit the Collective Migration of Cellular Aggregates ' , Langmuir , vol. 35 , no. 23 , pp. 7396-7404 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b01736

Title: Polymeric Nanoparticles Limit the Collective Migration of Cellular Aggregates
Author: Beaune, Grégory; Nagarajan, Usharani; Brochard-Wyart, Françoise; Winnik, Françoise M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Polymers
Date: 2019
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Langmuir
ISSN: 0743-7463
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303238
Abstract: Controlling the propagation of primary tumors is fundamental to avoiding the epithelial to mesenchymal transition process leading to the dissemination and seeding of tumor cells throughout the body. Here we demonstrate that nanoparticles (NPs) limit the propagation of cell aggregates of CT26 murine carcinoma cells used as tumor models. The spreading behavior of these aggregates incubated with NPs is studied on fibronectin-coated substrates. The cells spread with the formation of a cell monolayer, the precursor film, around the aggregate. We study the effect of NPs added either during or after the formation of aggregates. We demonstrate that, in both cases, the spreading of the cell monolayer is slowed down in the presence of NPs and occurs only above a threshold concentration that depends on the size and surface chemistry of the NPs. The density of cells in the precursor films, measured by confocal microscopy, shows that the NPs stick cells together. The mechanism of slowdown is explained by the increase in cell-cell interactions due to the NPs adsorbed on the membrane of the cells. The present results demonstrate that NPs can modulate the collective migration of cells; therefore, they may have important implications for cancer treatment.
Subject: 116 Chemical sciences
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