An Open-Loop Receiver Architecture for Monitoring of Ionospheric Scintillations by Means of GNSS Signals

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Title: An Open-Loop Receiver Architecture for Monitoring of Ionospheric Scintillations by Means of GNSS Signals
Author: Linty, Nicola; Dovis, Fabio
Publisher: MDPI
Date: 2019
Belongs to series: Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2076-3417
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303501
Abstract: The quality of positioning services based on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) is improving at a fast pace, driven by the strict requirements of a plethora of new applications on accuracy, precision and reliability of the services. Nevertheless, ionospheric errors still bound the achievable performance and better mitigation techniques must be devised. In particular, the harmful effect due to non-uniform distribution of the electron density that causes amplitude and phase variation of the GNSS signal, usually named as scintillation effects. For many high-accuracy applications, this is a threat to accuracy and reliability, and the presence of scintillation effect needs to be constantly monitored. To this purpose, traditional receivers employ closed-loop tracking architectures. In this paper, we investigate an alternative architecture and a related metric based on the statistical processing of the received signal, after a code-wipe off and a noise reduction phase. The new metric is based on the analysis of the statistical features of the conditioned signal, and it brings the same information of the S4 index, normally estimated by means of closed-loop receivers. This new metric can be obtained at a higher rate as well as in the case of strong scintillations when a closed-loop receiver would fail the tracking of the GNSS signals.
Subject: GNSS
ionospheric scintillations
open loop


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