Influenza A Virus Infection Induces Hyperresponsiveness in Human Lung Tissue-Resident and Peripheral Blood NK Cells

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Scharenberg , M , Vangeti , S , Kekäläinen , E , Bergman , P , Al-Ameri , M , Johansson , N , Sonden , K , Falck-Jones , S , Färnert , A , Ljunggren , H-G , Michaelsson , J , Smed-Sörensen , A & Marquardt , N 2019 , ' Influenza A Virus Infection Induces Hyperresponsiveness in Human Lung Tissue-Resident and Peripheral Blood NK Cells ' , Frontiers in Immunology , vol. 10 , 1116 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.01116

Title: Influenza A Virus Infection Induces Hyperresponsiveness in Human Lung Tissue-Resident and Peripheral Blood NK Cells
Author: Scharenberg, Marlena; Vangeti, Sindhu; Kekäläinen, Eliisa; Bergman, Per; Al-Ameri, Mamdoh; Johansson, Niclas; Sonden, Klara; Falck-Jones, Sara; Färnert, Anna; Ljunggren, Hans-Gustaf; Michaelsson, Jakob; Smed-Sörensen, Anna; Marquardt, Nicole
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Bacteriology and Immunology
Date: 2019-05-17
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Immunology
ISSN: 1664-3224
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303522
Abstract: NK cells in the human lung respond to influenza A virus-(IAV-) infected target cells. However, the detailed functional capacity of human lung and peripheral blood NK cells remains to be determined in IAV and other respiratory viral infections. Here, we investigated the effects of IAV infection on human lung and peripheral blood NK cells in vitro and ex vivo following clinical infection. IAV infection of lung- and peripheral blood-derived mononuclear cells in vitro induced NK cell hyperresponsiveness to K562 target cells, including increased degranulation and cytokine production particularly in the CD56(bright)CD16(-) subset of NK cells. Furthermore, lung CD16(-) NK cells showed increased IAV-mediated but target cell-independent activation compared to CD16(+) lung NK cells or total NK cells in peripheral blood. IAV infection rendered peripheral blood NK cells responsive toward the normally NK cell-resistant lung epithelial cell line A549, indicating that NK cell activation during IAV infection could contribute to killing of surrounding non-infected epithelial cells. In vivo, peripheral blood CD56(dim)CD16(+) and CD56(bright)CD16(-) NK cells were primed during acute IAV infection, and a small subset of CD16(-) CD49a(+)CXCR3(+) NK cells could be identified, with CD49a and CXCR3 potentially promoting homing to and tissue-retention in the lung during acute infection. Together, we show that IAV respiratory viral infections prime otherwise hyporesponsive lung NK cells, indicating that both CD16(+) and CD16(-) NK cells including CD16(-)CD49a(+) tissue-resident NK cells could contribute to host immunity but possibly also tissue damage in clinical IAV infection.
Subject: human
lung
NK cells
influenza A virus
viral pathogenesis
respiratory infections
NATURAL-KILLER-CELLS
IMMUNE INJURY
EXPRESSION
IP-10
ACTIVATION
IL-15
CXCR3
H5N1
3111 Biomedicine
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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