DNA methylation changes in inflammation-related genes in ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Bio- ja ympäristötieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Bio- och miljövetenskapliga fakulteten sv
dc.contributor.author Ukwattage, Sanjeevi
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201906283088
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303614
dc.description.abstract Background- Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common epithelial carcinoma. There is an increased risk of colorectal cancer in people with longstanding inflammation in the large intestine, including individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC). Epigenetic changes in CRC such as aberrant DNA methylation alterations are common changes in human cancer. The aim of this study is to identify the DNA methylation alterations of selected inflammation related genes in UC-CRC vs. Lynch syndrome (LS). Method- DNA was extracted from archival tissue specimens from normal and tumor samples from UC-CRC (n= 31), and LS-CRC (n=29). Methylation-specific multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) assays were used to detect CIMP status and CpG promoter methylation status of seven inflammation related genes. Microsatellite instability analysis was carried out using two mononucleotide repeat markers BAT25 and BAT26. Results- Increased hypermethylation frequencies in carcinoma vs. normal colonic mucosa were detected for all the inflammatory marker genes in specimens of UC-CRC patients. Statistically significant differences for methylation frequencies were observed in the NTSR1 gene (p value =0.008) and SOCS2 gene (p value =0.04) in specimens of UC-CRC patients. NTSR1 gene showed significantly increased methylation of normal colonic mucosae from UC-CRC vs. LS patients (p value=0.01). Conclusion- UC-CRC and LS tumor specimens revealed varying frequencies of hypermethylation in all the inflammatory genes. Methylation of the NTSR1 in the normal colonic mucosa suggests a possible field defect in UC-CRC, and could thus be used as an early biomarker to detect increased UC-CRC risk in non-neoplastic epithelium. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.publisher University of Helsinki en
dc.publisher Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.subject Colorectal cancer en
dc.subject Ulcerative Colitis en
dc.subject DNA methylation en
dc.subject Inflammation en
dc.title DNA methylation changes in inflammation-related genes in ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
dc.type.ontasot master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201906283088
dc.subject.specialization Genetiikan ja genomiikan opintosuunta fi
dc.subject.specialization Genetics and Genomics en
dc.subject.specialization Genetik och genomik sv
dc.subject.degreeprogram Genetiikan ja molekulaaristen biotieteiden maisteriohjelma fi
dc.subject.degreeprogram Master's Programme in Genetics and Molecular Biosciences en
dc.subject.degreeprogram Magisterprogrammet i genetik och molekylära biovetenskaper sv

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