Behavior of C-reactive protein in association with surgery of facial fracture and the influence of dexamethasone

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Snäll , J , Törnwall , J , Suominen , A L & Thoren , H 2018 , ' Behavior of C-reactive protein in association with surgery of facial fracture and the influence of dexamethasone ' , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery , vol. 22 , no. 2 , pp. 129-134 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10006-018-0678-x

Title: Behavior of C-reactive protein in association with surgery of facial fracture and the influence of dexamethasone
Author: Snäll, Johanna; Törnwall, Jyrki; Suominen, Anna Liisa; Thoren, Hanna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2018-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ISSN: 1865-1550
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303639
Abstract: To clarify pre- and postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with facial fractures and to investigate the influence of perioperatively administered dexamethasone on postoperative CRP levels. Facial fracture patients were randomized to receive perioperatively a total dose of 30 mg of dexamethasone (OradexonA (R)), whereas patients in the control group received no glucocorticoid. The analysis included patients who had CRP measured pre- and postoperatively. A total of 73 adult patients with facial fractures were included in the final analysis. Mean CRP level was elevated preoperatively and the level increased further after surgery. However, postoperative CRP rise was significantly impeded by dexamethasone (p <0.001), regardless of gender, age, treatment delay, site of fracture, surgical approach, and duration of surgery. CRP rise halved on the 1st postoperative day when dexamethasone was used. In addition, dexamethasone resulted in a CRP decrease on the 2nd postoperative day, whereas the CRP rise continued in the control group. CRP rise is a normal body response after facial fracture and surgery that can be markedly reduced with dexamethasone. CRP changes should be considered with caution if perioperative dexamethasone is used.
Subject: Facial fracture
C-reactive protein
Dexamethasone
Glucocorticoids
CONTROLLED-TRIAL
MANDIBULAR FRACTURES
POSTOPERATIVE NAUSEA
METAANALYSIS
EXPRESSION
CYTOKINES
CELLS
313 Dentistry
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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