Low dietary diversity and its influencing factors among a San group in Namibia

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dc.contributor.author Heim, Anita
dc.contributor.author Paksi, Attila
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-01T10:43:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-01T10:43:01Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06-28
dc.identifier.citation Heim , A & Paksi , A 2019 , ' Low dietary diversity and its influencing factors among a San group in Namibia ' , BMC research notes , vol. 12 , no. 365 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4408-8
dc.identifier.other PURE: 125438546
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: eeb9d796-ffaa-49f4-8ae4-e8fdca9f6dbd
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000473157300002
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303688
dc.description.abstract Objective Although the San in Namibia have been targeted by intensive development efforts, there is little knowledge available about San diet quality and nutritional status. The objective of this study is therefore to estimate and quantify the dietary diversity of a San group, and to investigate how socioeconomic characteristics affect dietary diversity. The dietary data (n = 200) for this cross-sectional study were collected as a part of a larger doctoral research investigating food environment, food choices, and dietary changes of the Khwe San in Bwabwata National Park East. Results The mean dietary diversity score (DDS) of the participants was 2.44 out of 10, with only two people having a DDS of 5. 87.5% of participants consumed only from 2 or 3 different food groups, mainly grains/roots and dark green leafy vegetables. DDS significantly correlated only with the level of education and with age. Due to their collinearity, the group with no education had the lowest DDS, but also belonged to the oldest age group. The overall dietary diversity of the Khwe is extremely low, indicating severe nutritional inadequacy. The small differences in DDS among the socioeconomic groups indicate the importance of other determining factors, such as cultural and food environmental characteristics. en
dc.format.extent 7
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof BMC research notes
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences
dc.subject 5203 Global Development Studies
dc.title Low dietary diversity and its influencing factors among a San group in Namibia en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
dc.contributor.organization Department of Agricultural Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Department of Political and Economic Studies (2010-2017)
dc.contributor.organization Global Development Studies
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4408-8
dc.relation.issn 1756-0500
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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