Gambling patterns and associated risk and protective factors among Finnish young people

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303723

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Oksanen , A , Sirola , A , Savolainen , I & Kaakinen , M 2019 , ' Gambling patterns and associated risk and protective factors among Finnish young people ' , Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs , vol. 36 , no. 2 , pp. 161-176 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1455072518779657

Title: Gambling patterns and associated risk and protective factors among Finnish young people
Author: Oksanen, Atte; Sirola, Anu; Savolainen, Iina; Kaakinen, Markus
Contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Tampere
University of Helsinki, Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy
Date: 2019-04-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
ISSN: 1455-0725
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303723
Abstract: Background and aims: In recent years online gambling has become a potential risk for young people. The purpose of this study was to analyse patterns of gambling activities and their association with behavioural risk factors and protective factors. Data and Method: A demographically balanced sample of Finnish respondents aged 15-25 years (N = 1200) filled out an online survey in March-April 2017. Principal component analysis was used to reduce the variables on gambling activities to smaller sets of components, and regression analysis was used to analyse whether behavioural risk factors and protective factors were associated with the gambling patterns found. Results: Two main components were found: online- and skill-based competent gambling and chance-based entertainment gambling. Competent gambling had statistically significant associations with a variety of behavioural problems and risks, including psychological distress, lower social support, lower delay of gratification, hazardous drinking, regular drug use, compulsive Internet use, and problem gambling. Entertainment gambling was associated with lower delay gratification, hazardous drinking, and problem gambling. Entertainment gambling had a negative association with compulsive Internet use and a positive association with social support. Conclusions: Online-based competent gambling is a potentially hazardous form of gambling. New forms of online gambling are potential risks for younger generations. Health professionals working with young people should be aware of the role of online gambling and associated activities.
Subject: 5144 Social psychology
gambling
nationwide survey
online gambling
risk factors
young people
substance-use
mental-health
online
delay
adolescence
behaviors
attitudes
internet
personality
impulsivity
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