Peer Group Identification as Determinant of Youth Behavior and the Role of Perceived Social Support in Problem Gambling

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303759

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Savolainen , I , Sirola , A , Kaakinen , M & Oksanen , A 2019 , ' Peer Group Identification as Determinant of Youth Behavior and the Role of Perceived Social Support in Problem Gambling ' , Journal of Gambling Studies , vol. 35 , no. 1 , pp. 15-30 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9813-8

Title: Peer Group Identification as Determinant of Youth Behavior and the Role of Perceived Social Support in Problem Gambling
Author: Savolainen, Iina; Sirola, Anu; Kaakinen, Markus; Oksanen, Atte
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy
University of Helsinki, University Management
Date: 2019-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Journal of Gambling Studies
ISSN: 1050-5350
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303759
Abstract: Gambling opportunities have increased rapidly during recent years. Previous research shows that gambling is a popular activity among youth, which may contribute to problem gambling. This study examined how social identification with online and offline peer groups associates with youth problem gambling behavior and if perceived social support buffers this relationship. Data were gathered with an online survey with 1212 American and 1200 Finnish participants between 15 and 25 years of age. Measures included the South Oaks Gambling Screen for problem gambling, and items for peer group identification and perceived social support. It was found that youth who identify strongly with offline peer groups were less likely to engage in problem gambling, while strong identification with online peer groups had the opposite effect. We also found that the associations between social identification and problem gambling behavior were moderated by perceived social support. Online peer groups may be a determinant in youth problem gambling. Focusing on offline peer groups and increasing social support can hold significant potential in youth gambling prevention.
Subject: 5144 Social psychology
social identification
social support
problem gambling behavior
youth
young-people
internet addiction
networking sites
DSM-IV
identity
adolescents
online
screen
health
risk
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