Genetic parameters for cow-specific digestibility predicted by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303787

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Mehtiö , T , Mäntysaari , P , Kokkonen , T , Kajava , S , Prestløkken , E , Kidane , A , Wallén , S , Nyholm , L , Negussie , E , Mäntysaari , E A & Lidauer , M H 2019 , ' Genetic parameters for cow-specific digestibility predicted by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy ' , Livestock Science , vol. 226 , pp. 1-6 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2019.05.017

Title: Genetic parameters for cow-specific digestibility predicted by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy
Author: Mehtiö, Terhi; Mäntysaari, Päivi; Kokkonen, Tuomo; Kajava, Sari; Prestløkken, Egil; Kidane, Alemayehu; Wallén, Sini; Nyholm, Laura; Negussie, Enyew; Mäntysaari, Esa A.; Lidauer, Martin H.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE)
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Valio Ltd
University of Helsinki, Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE)
Date: 2019-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Livestock Science
ISSN: 1871-1413
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303787
Abstract: Digestibility traits included in this study were dry matter digestibility (DMD, g/kg), which was calculated based on the indigestible neutral detergent fibre (iNDF, g/kg of dry matter) content in faeces (iNDFf) and in diet (iNDFd), and iNDFf predicted directly from faecal samples by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS). The data set was collected at three research herds in Finland and one in Norway including in total 931 records from 328 lactating Nordic Red Cattle and Holstein cows. Observations were associated with different accuracy, due to the differences in sampling protocols used for collecting faecal samples. Heritability estimates varied between different sampling protocols and ranged from 0.14 ± 0.06 to 0.51 ± 0.24 for DMD and from 0.13 ± 0.05 to 0.48 ± 0.18 for iNDFf. Estimated genetic standard deviations were 10.5 g/kg and 6.2 g/kg dry matter for DMD and iNDFf, respectively. Results of our study indicated that recording only the iNDF content in the faeces is sufficient to determine genetic variation in cows’ ability to digest feed. The coefficient of genetic variation for DMD was rather small (1.7%), but could be utilized if it is supported by a positive analysis of benefits over costs.
Subject: 412 Animal science, dairy science
Dairy cow
Digestibility
Heritability
Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy
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