The factors that contribute educational outcomes of adolescents placed in care due to severe behavioral problems

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Talaslampi , H , Jahnukainen , M & Manninen , M 2019 , ' The factors that contribute educational outcomes of adolescents placed in care due to severe behavioral problems ' , Children and Youth Services Review , vol. 102 , pp. 210-221 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.05.021

Title: The factors that contribute educational outcomes of adolescents placed in care due to severe behavioral problems
Author: Talaslampi, Heli; Jahnukainen, Markku; Manninen, Marko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, National Institute for Health and Welfare
University of Helsinki, Department of Education
Date: 2019-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Children and Youth Services Review
ISSN: 0190-7409
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303891
Abstract: According to multiple studies, adolescents placed in out-of-home care (OOHC) are less well-educated than their peers in the general population. Reform school (RS) is an institution for youth placed in OOHC due to severe behavioral problems. The educational outcomes of former RS residents are not known. We examined the possible differences in educational level by comparing Finnish national register data for 814 former RS residents in four cohorts (placed in out-of-home care in 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006) to 4021 of their peers in the general population matched by gender, age, and place of birth. The educational level differences were analyzed by the chi(2) test of association. Logistic regression models were performed to identify the predictors of having a basic education only. Based on the results, individuals with an RS background have a high risk of low education. Among the RS population, being in the youngest cohort, lack of aftercare provided by RSs, and a diagnosis of substance-related disorders predict lower levels of education. These results call for immediate action. Long-term aftercare programs should be provided for former RS residents. Extending compulsory school attendance to upper secondary study is likely to improve the educational level of the RS population. In addition, effective programs for intervening substance abuse problems should be provided both in RS and aftercare. By these actions, it may be possible to reduce current social exclusion and poor long-term prognosis associated with RS placement.
Subject: 516 Educational sciences
Adolescents
Child welfare
Cohort study
Education
Reform school
OF-HOME CARE
CHILD-WELFARE CLIENTS
HIGH-SCHOOL DROPOUT
YOUNG-PEOPLE
FOSTER-CARE
LEAVING CARE
MENTAL-HEALTH
PSYCHOSOCIAL PROBLEMS
HIGH-RISK
DRUG-USE
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