Fetal radiation dose in three common CT examinations during pregnancy Monte Carlo study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303922

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Kelaranta , A , Mäkelä , T , Kaasalainen , T & Kortesniemi , M 2017 , ' Fetal radiation dose in three common CT examinations during pregnancy Monte Carlo study ' , Physica Medica , vol. 43 , pp. 199-206 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2017.09.120

Title: Fetal radiation dose in three common CT examinations during pregnancy Monte Carlo study
Author: Kelaranta, A.; Mäkelä, T.; Kaasalainen, T.; Kortesniemi, M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, HUS Medical Imaging Center
University of Helsinki, Department of Diagnostics and Therapeutics
University of Helsinki, HUS Medical Imaging Center
Date: 2017-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Physica Medica
ISSN: 1120-1797
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303922
Abstract: Purpose: To determine fetal doses in different stages of pregnancy in three common computed tomography (CT) examinations: pulmonary CT angiography, abdomino-pelvic and trauma scan with Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Methods: An adult female anthropomorphic phantom was scanned with a 64-slice CT using pulmonary angiography, abdomino-pelvic and trauma CT scan protocols. Three different sized gelatin boluses placed on the phantom's abdomen simulated different stages of pregnancy. Intrauterine dose was used as a surrogate to a dose absorbed to the fetus. MC simulations were performed to estimate uterine doses. The simulation dose levels were calibrated with volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol) measurements and MC simulations in a cylindrical CTDI body phantom and compared with ten point doses measured with metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistor dosimeters. Intrauterine volumes and uterine walls were segmented and the respective dose volume histograms were calculated. Results: The mean intrauterine doses in different stages of pregnancy varied from 0.04 to 1.04 mGy, from 4.8 to 5.8 mGy, and from 9.8 to 12.6 mGy in the CT scans for pulmonary angiography, abdomino-pelvic and trauma CT scans, respectively. MC simulations showed good correlation with the MOSFET measurement at the measured locations. Conclusions: The three studied examinations provided highly varying fetal doses increasing from sub-mGy level in pulmonary CT angiography to notably higher levels in abdomino-pelvic and trauma scans where the fetus is in the primary exposure range. Volumetric dose distribution offered by MC simulations in an appropriate anthropomorphic phantom provides a comprehensive dose assessment when applied in adjunct to point-dose measurements.
Subject: Fetal dose
Computed tomography
Monte Carlo simulation
Anthropomorphic phantom
Intrauterine dose
MULTIDETECTOR CT
COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY
SIMULATIONS
PATIENT
VALIDATION
GESTATION
CONCEPTUS
PHANTOMS
VOLUME
FETUS
114 Physical sciences
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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