Swallowing difficulty and nutrient intakes among residents in assisted living facilities in Helsinki

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/304256

Citation

Lindroos , E K , Jyväkorpi , S , Soini , H , Muurinen , S , Saarela , R K T , Pitkala , K H & Suominen , M H 2017 , ' Swallowing difficulty and nutrient intakes among residents in assisted living facilities in Helsinki ' , European Geriatric Medicine , vol. 8 , no. 3 , pp. 228-233 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurger.2017.04.006

Title: Swallowing difficulty and nutrient intakes among residents in assisted living facilities in Helsinki
Author: Lindroos, Eeva K; Jyväkorpi, S.; Soini, H.; Muurinen, S.; Saarela, R. K. T.; Pitkala, K. H.; Suominen, M. H.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Doctoral Programme in Population Health
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2017-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: European Geriatric Medicine
ISSN: 1878-7649
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/304256
Abstract: Background: Swallowing difficulty (SWD) commonly occurs and is associated with malnutrition in old age. Less is known of how SWD is associated with various nutrient intakes. Objectives: To examine how SWD among residents in assisted living facilities. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, we examined 345 residents in Helsinki in 2007. Detailed energy, protein and nutrient intakes were calculated from 1-day food diaries and compared with the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNRs) as a measure of dietary adequacy. Swallowing was assessed by the closest nurse knowing the resident well. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Results: Of the participants, 14% (n = 48) suffered from SWD, often had prior stroke, increased comorbidities and lower body-mass index. A larger proportion of residents with SWD consumed oral nutritional supplements. The MNA showed that over 52% of residents with SWD were malnourished, whereas the respective figure was 17% among residents without SWD. A large proportion of the study population had lower than recommended intakes of energy, protein and micronutrients. However, those with SWD differed significantly from those without only in higher protein and lower zinc and folic acid intakes. Conclusion: Although malnutrition was more common among those with SWD than those without, the daily intakes of energy, protein and micronutrients were similar in these groups, highlighting that the risk of malnutrition and low nutrient intakes commonly occurred in both groups of residents in assisted living facilities. (C) 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS and European Union Geriatric Medicine Society. All rights reserved.
Subject: Swallowing difficulty
Dysphagia
Malnutrition
Nutrient deficiency
Morbidity
Mortality
MINI NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT
OLDER-PEOPLE
PARKINSONS-DISEASE
DYSPHAGIA
MALNUTRITION
STROKE
IMPACT
POPULATION
ADULTS
RISK
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
1_s2.0_S1878764917300736_main.pdf 525.6Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record